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Bad College Papers Share Test 1.3.3 (20170517-5:56PM MST) Bad College Papers Share Test Content 1.3.3 (20170517-5:56PM MST) Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Homophobia In Africa Essay! Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Underpinnings! Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Homophobia Essay! Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Venus And Adonis Painting! Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat.

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Homophobia Essay! Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Felon Punishment! Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Homophobia Essay! Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Climate Types! Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. In Africa Essay! Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat.

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Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in Essay Disenfranchisement: Punishment or Degradation?, culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum. In Africa Essay! AMP Test Image Post I Image Linked Outside of best WordPress. In Africa Essay! Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Of Communication! Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. AMP Test Image Post II Image Uploaded Within WordPress. In Africa Essay! A photo posted by philosophical underpinnings Sebastian Benz (@sebasbenz) on Jul 6, 2016 at 7:28am PDT. Homophobia In Africa! AMP Test Make Sure Related Posts Are Formatted Below.

Batman is climate types, a fictional superhero appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics. In Africa Essay! The character was created by artist Bob Kane and writer Bill Finger,[4][5] and tinker v des, first appeared in Detective Comics #27 (1939). Originally named the Homophobia in Africa #8220;Bat-Man#8221;, the v des moines character is Homophobia in Africa Essay, also referred to venus and adonis painting, by such epithets as the Homophobia Essay Caped Crusader, the Dark Knight, and venus, the World#8217;s Greatest Detective.[6] Batman#8217;s secret identity is Essay, Bruce Wayne, an evolution technology, American billionaire, playboy, philanthropist, and owner of Wayne Enterprises. Homophobia! After witnessing the murder of tinker v des moines his parents Thomas Wayne and Martha Wayne as a child, he swore vengeance against in Africa Essay criminals, an Essay Felon Disenfranchisement:, oath tempered by a sense of Homophobia in Africa justice. Wayne trains himself physically and underpinnings, intellectually and crafts a bat-inspired persona to in Africa, fight crime.[7] Batman operates in of communication, the fictional Gotham City, with assistance from various supporting characters, including his butler Alfred, police commissioner Gordon, and vigilante allies such as Robin. Unlike most superheroes, Batman does not possess any superpowers; rather, he relies on Homophobia his genius intellect, physical prowess, martial arts abilities, detective skills, science and technology, vast wealth, intimidation, and and conquer, indomitable will. Essay! A large assortment of climate types villains make up Batman#8217;s rogues gallery, including his archenemy, the Homophobia Joker. Batman became popular soon after his introduction in tinker v des, 1939 and gained his own comic book title, Batman, the following year. As the Essay decades went on, differing interpretations of the character emerged.

The late 1960s Batman television series used a camp aesthetic, which continued to climate types, be associated with the character for Homophobia in Africa years after the show ended. Various creators worked to Disenfranchisement: or Degradation?, return the Homophobia Essay character to deontological system, his dark roots, culminating in in Africa, 1986 with The Dark Knight Returns by Frank Miller. The success of Shakespeare examples Warner Bros.#8217; live-action Batman feature films have helped maintain the in Africa public#8217;s interest in climate types, the character.[8] An American cultural icon, Batman has been licensed and in Africa, adapted into a variety of Essay or Degradation? media, from radio to Homophobia, television and philosophical, film, and Homophobia Essay, appears on climate types various merchandise sold all over Homophobia Essay, the world, such as toys and Essay examples, video games. Homophobia! The character has also intrigued psychiatrists, with many trying to understand the character#8217;s psyche. Deontological Ethical! In 2015, FanSided ranked Batman as number one on Homophobia their list of #8220;50 Greatest Super Heroes In Comic Book History#8221;.[9] Kevin Conroy, Bruce Greenwood, Peter Weller, Anthony Ruivivar, and Jason O#8217;Mara, among others, have provided the venus painting character#8217;s voice for animated adaptations. In Africa! Batman has been portrayed in and adonis painting, both film and Essay, television by v des summary Lewis Wilson, Robert Lowery, Adam West, Michael Keaton, Val Kilmer, George Clooney, Christian Bale, and Ben Affleck.

The Joker is in Africa Essay, a fictional supervillain created by Bill Finger, Bob Kane, and Jerry Robinson who first appeared in in Canada, the debut issue of the comic book Batman (April 25, 1940) published by DC Comics. Credit for in Africa the Joker#8217;s creation is disputed; Kane and of communication technology, Robinson claimed responsibility for Homophobia in Africa Essay the Joker#8217;s design, while acknowledging Finger#8217;s writing contribution. Although the deontological Joker was planned to be killed off during his initial appearance, he was spared by editorial intervention, allowing the character to in Africa Essay, endure as the deontological system archenemy of the superhero Batman. In Africa Essay! In his comic book appearances, the evolution Joker is portrayed as a criminal mastermind. In Africa Essay! Introduced as a psychopath with a warped, sadistic sense of climate types humor, the Essay character became a goofy prankster in the late 1950s in deontological system, response to regulation by the Comics Code Authority, before returning to Essay, his darker roots during the early 1970s. And Conquer! As Batman#8217;s nemesis, the Homophobia in Africa Essay Joker has been part of the evolution of communication technology superhero#8217;s defining stories, including the in Africa Essay murder of moines summary Jason Toddthe second Robin and Essay, Batman#8217;s wardand the tinker v des moines summary paralysis of Homophobia in Africa Essay one of venus and adonis painting Batman#8217;s allies, Barbara Gordon. The Joker has had various possible origin stories during his decades of Homophobia Essay appearances. And Conquer! The most common story involves him falling into a tank of Homophobia Essay chemical waste which bleaches his skin white, turns his hair green, and his lips bright red; the resulting disfigurement drives him insane. The antithesis of philosophical underpinnings Batman in personality and in Africa Essay, appearance, the deontological system Joker is considered by Homophobia critics to climate types, be his perfect adversary.

The Joker possesses no superhuman abilities, instead using his expertise in chemical engineering to develop poisonous or lethal concoctions, and thematic weaponry, including razor-tipped playing cards, deadly joy buzzers, and in Africa, acid-spraying lapel flowers. Although the evolution technology Joker sometimes works with other supervillains such as the Penguin and Two-Face, and Homophobia, groups like the Felon Punishment Injustice Gang and Homophobia in Africa, Injustice League, these relationships often collapse due to Essay Felon Punishment or Degradation?, the Joker#8217;s desire for unbridled chaos. Homophobia Essay! The 1990s introduced a romantic interest for the Joker in his former psychiatrist, Harley Quinn, who becomes his villainous sidekick. Of Communication Technology! Although his primary obsession is in Africa, Batman, the philosophical underpinnings Joker has also fought other heroes including Superman and Wonder Woman. In Africa Essay! One of the most iconic characters in philosophical underpinnings, popular culture,[3][4] the Homophobia Essay Joker has been listed among the of communication greatest comic book villains and fictional characters ever created.[5][6] The character#8217;s popularity has seen him appear on Homophobia in Africa Essay a variety of merchandise, such as clothing and tinker v des summary, collectable items, inspire real-world structures (such as theme park attractions), and Homophobia in Africa Essay, be referenced in climate types, a number of Homophobia Essay media. Philosophical! The Joker has been adapted to in Africa, serve as Batman#8217;s adversary in deontological system, live-action, animated, and video game incarnations, including the 1960s Batman television series (played by Homophobia Essay Cesar Romero) and in Shakespeare in Canada Essay examples, film by in Africa Essay Jack Nicholson in Batman (1989), Heath Ledger in The Dark Knight (2008), and and adonis painting, Jared Leto in Suicide Squad (2016). In Africa Essay! Mark Hamill, Troy Baker, and others have provided the character#8217;s voice. Deontological Ethical! Batman is in Africa, a fictional superhero appearing in venus and adonis, American comic books published by DC Comics. The character was created by in Africa artist Bob Kane and writer Bill Finger,[4][5] and first appeared in deontological, Detective Comics #27 (1939). Essay! Originally named the and conquer #8220;Bat-Man#8221;, the character is also referred to by such epithets as the in Africa Essay Caped Crusader, the deontological Dark Knight, and the World#8217;s Greatest Detective.[6] Batman#8217;s secret identity is Bruce Wayne, an Homophobia in Africa Essay, American billionaire, playboy, philanthropist, and owner of Wayne Enterprises.

After witnessing the Essay or Degradation? murder of Homophobia his parents Thomas Wayne and tinker v des moines summary, Martha Wayne as a child, he swore vengeance against criminals, an Homophobia Essay, oath tempered by climate types a sense of in Africa Essay justice. Wayne trains himself physically and intellectually and philosophical, crafts a bat-inspired persona to fight crime.[7] Batman operates in the fictional Gotham City, with assistance from Homophobia in Africa Essay, various supporting characters, including his butler Alfred, police commissioner Gordon, and vigilante allies such as Robin. Examples! Unlike most superheroes, Batman does not possess any superpowers; rather, he relies on his genius intellect, physical prowess, martial arts abilities, detective skills, science and Homophobia, technology, vast wealth, intimidation, and tinker, indomitable will. A large assortment of in Africa Essay villains make up Batman#8217;s rogues gallery, including his archenemy, the Joker. Batman became popular soon after his introduction in deontological, 1939 and in Africa Essay, gained his own comic book title, Batman, the following year. Venus And Adonis! As the decades went on, differing interpretations of the in Africa Essay character emerged. The late 1960s Batman television series used a camp aesthetic, which continued to be associated with the character for evolution years after the show ended. Various creators worked to return the Homophobia in Africa character to his dark roots, culminating in evolution of communication technology, 1986 with The Dark Knight Returns by Frank Miller. In Africa Essay! The success of Warner Bros.#8217; live-action Batman feature films have helped maintain the moines public#8217;s interest in the character.[8] An American cultural icon, Batman has been licensed and adapted into a variety of media, from Homophobia in Africa, radio to moines, television and film, and appears on various merchandise sold all over the world, such as toys and video games. The character has also intrigued psychiatrists, with many trying to in Africa Essay, understand the character#8217;s psyche.

In 2015, FanSided ranked Batman as number one on their list of #8220;50 Greatest Super Heroes In Comic Book History#8221;.[9] Kevin Conroy, Bruce Greenwood, Peter Weller, Anthony Ruivivar, and evolution of communication, Jason O#8217;Mara, among others, have provided the Essay character#8217;s voice for Shakespeare Essay animated adaptations. Homophobia! Batman has been portrayed in philosophical, both film and in Africa Essay, television by command Lewis Wilson, Robert Lowery, Adam West, Michael Keaton, Val Kilmer, George Clooney, Christian Bale, and Ben Affleck. The Joker is a fictional supervillain created by Bill Finger, Bob Kane, and Jerry Robinson who first appeared in the debut issue of the comic book Batman (April 25, 1940) published by DC Comics. Homophobia Essay! Credit for evolution of communication technology the Joker#8217;s creation is disputed; Kane and Robinson claimed responsibility for Essay the Joker#8217;s design, while acknowledging Finger#8217;s writing contribution. System! Although the Joker was planned to be killed off during his initial appearance, he was spared by in Africa Essay editorial intervention, allowing the character to climate types, endure as the in Africa archenemy of the Felon Punishment superhero Batman. Homophobia Essay! In his comic book appearances, the Joker is portrayed as a criminal mastermind.

Introduced as a psychopath with a warped, sadistic sense of of communication humor, the character became a goofy prankster in in Africa, the late 1950s in examples, response to regulation by in Africa Essay the Comics Code Authority, before returning to his darker roots during the early 1970s. As Batman#8217;s nemesis, the and adonis Joker has been part of the Homophobia in Africa Essay superhero#8217;s defining stories, including the climate types murder of Jason Toddthe second Robin and in Africa Essay, Batman#8217;s wardand the best command and conquer paralysis of one of Batman#8217;s allies, Barbara Gordon. The Joker has had various possible origin stories during his decades of appearances. The most common story involves him falling into Homophobia in Africa a tank of chemical waste which bleaches his skin white, turns his hair green, and his lips bright red; the tinker resulting disfigurement drives him insane. The antithesis of in Africa Batman in of communication technology, personality and appearance, the in Africa Essay Joker is considered by of communication technology critics to Essay, be his perfect adversary.

The Joker possesses no superhuman abilities, instead using his expertise in chemical engineering to climate types, develop poisonous or lethal concoctions, and Homophobia, thematic weaponry, including razor-tipped playing cards, deadly joy buzzers, and Shakespeare, acid-spraying lapel flowers. Although the Homophobia in Africa Essay Joker sometimes works with other supervillains such as the Penguin and tinker v des, Two-Face, and groups like the Injustice Gang and Injustice League, these relationships often collapse due to Essay, the Joker#8217;s desire for venus painting unbridled chaos. Homophobia Essay! The 1990s introduced a romantic interest for venus painting the Joker in Homophobia in Africa Essay, his former psychiatrist, Harley Quinn, who becomes his villainous sidekick. Although his primary obsession is climate types, Batman, the Joker has also fought other heroes including Superman and Homophobia Essay, Wonder Woman. One of the v des moines most iconic characters in popular culture,[3][4] the Homophobia Essay Joker has been listed among the greatest comic book villains and fictional characters ever created.[5][6] The character#8217;s popularity has seen him appear on deontological ethical a variety of merchandise, such as clothing and Essay, collectable items, inspire real-world structures (such as theme park attractions), and be referenced in in Canada examples, a number of Homophobia in Africa media. Felon Punishment Or Degradation?! The Joker has been adapted to Homophobia, serve as Batman#8217;s adversary in command and conquer, live-action, animated, and in Africa Essay, video game incarnations, including the 1960s Batman television series (played by in Canada Cesar Romero) and in film by Jack Nicholson in in Africa Essay, Batman (1989), Heath Ledger in ethical, The Dark Knight (2008), and Jared Leto in Homophobia, Suicide Squad (2016). Deontological System! Mark Hamill, Troy Baker, and in Africa Essay, others have provided the evolution character#8217;s voice. Batman is Homophobia, a fictional superhero appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics. The character was created by Shakespeare examples artist Bob Kane and writer Bill Finger,[4][5] and Homophobia in Africa Essay, first appeared in summary, Detective Comics #27 (1939).

Originally named the Homophobia #8220;Bat-Man#8221;, the character is Shakespeare in Canada Essay examples, also referred to Essay, by such epithets as the Caped Crusader, the Dark Knight, and the World#8217;s Greatest Detective.[6] Batman#8217;s secret identity is Bruce Wayne, an command and conquer, American billionaire, playboy, philanthropist, and owner of Homophobia in Africa Wayne Enterprises. And Adonis! After witnessing the murder of his parents Thomas Wayne and Martha Wayne as a child, he swore vengeance against criminals, an in Africa Essay, oath tempered by a sense of moines summary justice. Wayne trains himself physically and Homophobia Essay, intellectually and tinker v des summary, crafts a bat-inspired persona to fight crime.[7] Batman operates in the fictional Gotham City, with assistance from Homophobia Essay, various supporting characters, including his butler Alfred, police commissioner Gordon, and vigilante allies such as Robin. Unlike most superheroes, Batman does not possess any superpowers; rather, he relies on philosophical his genius intellect, physical prowess, martial arts abilities, detective skills, science and technology, vast wealth, intimidation, and indomitable will. A large assortment of villains make up Batman#8217;s rogues gallery, including his archenemy, the Homophobia Essay Joker. Batman became popular soon after his introduction in 1939 and gained his own comic book title, Batman, the evolution of communication following year. Homophobia In Africa Essay! As the decades went on, differing interpretations of the in Canada Essay examples character emerged. Essay! The late 1960s Batman television series used a camp aesthetic, which continued to be associated with the Essay Felon character for Homophobia years after the venus and adonis painting show ended. In Africa Essay! Various creators worked to return the character to his dark roots, culminating in 1986 with The Dark Knight Returns by Frank Miller.

The success of best and conquer Warner Bros.#8217; live-action Batman feature films have helped maintain the Essay public#8217;s interest in of communication, the character.[8] An American cultural icon, Batman has been licensed and adapted into a variety of media, from radio to television and film, and appears on Homophobia Essay various merchandise sold all over the world, such as toys and video games. The character has also intrigued psychiatrists, with many trying to understand the character#8217;s psyche. In 2015, FanSided ranked Batman as number one on painting their list of Homophobia in Africa #8220;50 Greatest Super Heroes In Comic Book History#8221;.[9] Kevin Conroy, Bruce Greenwood, Peter Weller, Anthony Ruivivar, and Jason O#8217;Mara, among others, have provided the character#8217;s voice for animated adaptations. Batman has been portrayed in both film and television by Lewis Wilson, Robert Lowery, Adam West, Michael Keaton, Val Kilmer, George Clooney, Christian Bale, and Ben Affleck. The Joker is a fictional supervillain created by v des moines summary Bill Finger, Bob Kane, and Essay, Jerry Robinson who first appeared in climate types, the debut issue of the comic book Batman (April 25, 1940) published by in Africa DC Comics. And Adonis Painting! Credit for the Joker#8217;s creation is in Africa, disputed; Kane and technology, Robinson claimed responsibility for the Joker#8217;s design, while acknowledging Finger#8217;s writing contribution.

Although the in Africa Essay Joker was planned to best and conquer, be killed off during his initial appearance, he was spared by in Africa Essay editorial intervention, allowing the character to of communication, endure as the archenemy of the superhero Batman. Homophobia! In his comic book appearances, the Joker is best command and conquer, portrayed as a criminal mastermind. Homophobia Essay! Introduced as a psychopath with a warped, sadistic sense of of communication technology humor, the character became a goofy prankster in the late 1950s in Homophobia, response to and conquer, regulation by the Comics Code Authority, before returning to Homophobia in Africa Essay, his darker roots during the early 1970s. As Batman#8217;s nemesis, the and conquer Joker has been part of the superhero#8217;s defining stories, including the Essay murder of Essay Disenfranchisement: Punishment or Degradation? Jason Toddthe second Robin and Homophobia Essay, Batman#8217;s wardand the paralysis of system one of Batman#8217;s allies, Barbara Gordon. In Africa! The Joker has had various possible origin stories during his decades of Felon Disenfranchisement: appearances. In Africa Essay! The most common story involves him falling into climate types a tank of Homophobia chemical waste which bleaches his skin white, turns his hair green, and venus, his lips bright red; the resulting disfigurement drives him insane. Homophobia! The antithesis of deontological system Batman in personality and appearance, the Joker is Essay, considered by critics to painting, be his perfect adversary. The Joker possesses no superhuman abilities, instead using his expertise in chemical engineering to develop poisonous or lethal concoctions, and Homophobia, thematic weaponry, including razor-tipped playing cards, deadly joy buzzers, and acid-spraying lapel flowers. Although the climate types Joker sometimes works with other supervillains such as the Homophobia Essay Penguin and Two-Face, and groups like the command Injustice Gang and Homophobia Essay, Injustice League, these relationships often collapse due to venus and adonis, the Joker#8217;s desire for unbridled chaos.

The 1990s introduced a romantic interest for in Africa Essay the Joker in his former psychiatrist, Harley Quinn, who becomes his villainous sidekick. Although his primary obsession is Batman, the Joker has also fought other heroes including Superman and Wonder Woman. Climate Types! One of the most iconic characters in popular culture,[3][4] the Homophobia in Africa Essay Joker has been listed among the greatest comic book villains and philosophical, fictional characters ever created.[5][6] The character#8217;s popularity has seen him appear on a variety of Essay merchandise, such as clothing and collectable items, inspire real-world structures (such as theme park attractions), and evolution of communication, be referenced in a number of Homophobia in Africa Essay media. Philosophical! The Joker has been adapted to serve as Batman#8217;s adversary in in Africa, live-action, animated, and climate types, video game incarnations, including the Homophobia in Africa 1960s Batman television series (played by venus Cesar Romero) and in film by in Africa Essay Jack Nicholson in Essay Punishment or Degradation?, Batman (1989), Heath Ledger in Homophobia in Africa Essay, The Dark Knight (2008), and Jared Leto in v des, Suicide Squad (2016). Mark Hamill, Troy Baker, and others have provided the in Africa Essay character#8217;s voice. V Des! We just got back from a lovely time in Costa Rica.

We spent 8 days there. Tripadvisor helped me make all of Homophobia in Africa Essay my major decisions for this trip and Essay Felon Disenfranchisement: Punishment, so I#8217;d like to Homophobia Essay, give back by briefly offering my trip report and answering any questions you might have for best and conquer your future trip to in Africa Essay, Costa Rica! We stayed at v des, Hotel Villa Caletas located a little north of Jaco Beach and we rented a 4?4 car with National Car Rental. Smooth process with both. Day 1 Landed around 10am via American Airlines from Homophobia Essay, Miami. Picked up our luggage and passed through immigration and Shakespeare, customs very quickly! From the moment we got off the in Africa Essay plane to ethical system, the moment I was at the car rental desks was probably 30 minutes! Took a shuttle from the Homophobia in Africa Essay airport to the national car office and venus, were in our rental car ready to go within another 20-30 minutes.

Drove from San Jose Airport to Playa Herradura without any issues. It was daytime, I do not recommend driving at in Africa, night (got stuck twice doing so due to v des summary, bad time management.. very dark roads). Arrived at Homophobia Essay, our hotel about 2 hours later. Philosophical! This afternoon we checked out Homophobia, Jaco Beach and bought a few things from the Auto Mercado that is about 8 minutes away from hotel. Day 2 Rest and Relaxation day at hotel Checked out beach, hung out at and conquer, pool.

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Homophobia in Africa Essay

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Learning to Homophobia, Read and Write: What Research Reveals. Children learn to use symbols, combining their oral language, pictures, print, and play into philosophical, a coherent mixed medium and creating and Essay, communicating meanings in a variety of ways. From their initial experiences and underpinnings, interactions with adults, children begin to Homophobia Essay, read words, processing letter-sound relations and acquiring substantial knowledge of the venus and adonis, alphabetic system. Homophobia In Africa Essay! As they continue to learn, children increasingly consolidate this information into deontological system, patterns that allow for automaticity and fluency in reading and writing. Consequently reading and writing acquisition is conceptualized better as a developmental continuum than as an all-or-nothing phenomenon. But the ability to read and write does not develop naturally, without careful planning and instruction. Children need regular and active interactions with print. Specific abilities required for reading and writing come from immediate experiences with oral and written language. Experiences in these early years begin to define the assumptions and expectations about Homophobia, becoming literate and give children the motivation to work toward learning to read and write. From these experiences children learn that reading and writing are valuable tools that will help them do many things in life. The beginning years (birth through preschool)

Even in the first few months of life, children begin to experiment with language. Climate Types! Young babies make sounds that imitate the tones and rhythms of adult talk; they read gestures and facial expressions, and they begin to Homophobia, associate sound sequences frequently heard #150; words #150; with their referents (Berk 1996). They delight in listening to familiar jingles and and adonis, rhymes, play along in games such as peek-a-boo and pat-a-cake, and manipulate objects such as board books and alphabet blocks in their play. From these remarkable beginnings children learn to use a variety of symbols. In the midst of gaining facility with these symbol systems, children acquire through interactions with others the insight that specific kinds of marks #150; print #150; also can represent meanings. Essay! At first children will use the physical and command, visual cues surrounding print to determine what something says. Homophobia Essay! But as they develop an understanding of the alphabetic principle, children begin to and adonis, process letters, translate them into sounds, and connect this information with a known meaning. Although it may seem as though some children acquire these understandings magically or on their own, studies suggest that they are the beneficiaries of considerable, though playful and in Africa, informal, adult guidance and evolution technology, instruction (Durkin 1966; Anbar 1986). What this means is Homophobia, that no one teaching method or approach is likely to be the most effective for all children (Strickland 1994). Rather, good teachers bring into play a variety of best command, teaching strategies that can encompass the great diversity of Homophobia in Africa Essay, children in climate types schools.

Excellent instruction builds on what children already know, and can do, and provides knowledge, skills, and dispositions for lifelong learning. Children need to Essay, learn not only the technical skills of and adonis painting, reading and in Africa Essay, writing but also how to use these tools to better their thinking and venus and adonis painting, reasoning (Neuman 1998). The single most important activity for building these understandings and skills essential for Homophobia in Africa, reading success appears to be reading aloud to children (Wells 1985; Bus, Van Ijzendoorn, Pellegrini 1995). High-quality book reading occurs when children feel emotionally secure (Bus Van Ijzendoorn 1995; Bus et al. 1997) and philosophical, are active participants in reading (Whitehurst et al. Essay! 1994). Asking predictive and analytic questions in small-group settings appears to affect children's vocabulary and comprehension of stories (Karweit Wasik 1996). Children may talk about the pictures, retell the story, discuss their favorite actions, and request multiple rereadings. It is the talk that surrounds the storybook reading that gives it power, helping children to bridge what is in the story and their own lives (Dickinson Smith 1994; Snow et al. 1995). Snow (1991) has described these types of conversations as decontextualized language in which teachers may induce higher-level thinking by moving experiences in stories from climate types, what the in Africa, children may see in front of them to what they can imagine.

Children also need opportunity to practice what they've learned about print with their peers and on their own. Underpinnings! Studies suggest that the physical arrangement of the classroom can promote time with books (Morrow Weinstein 1986; Neuman Roskos 1997). A key area is the classroom library #150; a collection of attractive stories and informational books that provides children with immediate access to in Africa Essay, books. Felon Disenfranchisement: Punishment Or Degradation?! Regular visits to the school or public library and library card registration ensure that children's collections remain continually updated and may help children develop the habit of reading as lifelong learning. In comfortable library settings children often will pretend to read, using visual cues to remember the Homophobia Essay, words of their favorite stories.

Although studies have shown that these pretend readings are just that (Ehri Sweet 1991), such visual readings may demonstrate substantial knowledge about the venus, global features of reading and its purposes. Storybooks are not the Homophobia Essay, only means of venus and adonis painting, providing children with exposure to written language. Children learn a lot about reading from the in Africa, labels, signs, and other kinds of print they see around them (McGee, Lomax, Head 1988; Neuman Roskos 1993). Highly visible print labels on objects, signs, and bulletin boards in classrooms demonstrate the practical uses of written language. Venus And Adonis Painting! In environments rich with print, children incorporate literacy into their dramatic play (Morrow 1990; Vukelich 1994; Neuman Roskos 1997), using these communication tools to enhance the drama and realism of the Homophobia in Africa Essay, pretend situation. Technology! These everyday, playful experiences by Homophobia Essay themselves do not make most children readers. Rather they expose children to a variety of print experiences and the processes of reading for real purposes. For children whose primary language is other than English, studies have shown that a strong basis in a first language promotes school achievement in a second language (Cummins 1979). Command! Children who are learning English as a second language are more likely to become readers and writers of English when they are already familiar with the Essay, vocabulary and concepts in their primary language. And Adonis! In this respect, oral and Homophobia in Africa Essay, written language experiences should be regarded as an additive process, ensuring that children are able to maintain their home language while also learning to speak and deontological ethical system, read English (Wong Fillmore, 1991).

Including non-English materials and resources to the extent possible can help to support children's first language while children acquire oral proficiency in English. A fundamental insight developed in children's early years through instruction is the alphabetic principle, the Homophobia in Africa Essay, understanding that there is a systematic relationship between letters and sounds (Adams 1990). The research of Gibson and Levin (1975) indicates that the shapes of letters are learned by Disenfranchisement: or Degradation? distinguishing one character from another by its type of spatial features. Teachers will often involve children in comparing letter shapes, helping them to differentiate a number of letters visually. Alphabet books and alphabet puzzles in which children can see and compare letters may be a key to efficient and easy learning. At the same time children learn about the sounds of Homophobia, language through exposure to linguistic awareness games, nursery rhymes, and rhythmic activities. Some research suggests that the roots of phonemic awareness, a powerful predictor of later reading success, are found in traditional rhyming, skipping, and word games (Bryant et al. Philosophical! 1990). In one study, for example (Maclean, Bryant, Bradley 1987), researchers found that three-year-old children's knowledge of nursery rhymes specifically related to Homophobia, their more abstract phonological knowledge later on. Engaging children in climate types choral readings of rhymes and rhythms allows them to associate the Homophobia in Africa Essay, symbols with the sounds they hear in these words.

Although children's facility in phonemic awareness has been shown to be strongly related to later reading achievement, the precise role it plays in technology these early years is not fully understood. Phonemic awareness refers to a child's understanding and Homophobia in Africa Essay, conscious awareness that speech is composed of identifiable units, such as spoken words, syllables, and sounds. Training studies have demonstrated that phonemic awareness can be taught to children as young as age five (Bradley Bryant 1983; Lundberg, Frost, Petersen 1988; Cunningham 1990; Bryne Fielding-Barnsley 1991). These studies used tiles (boxes) (Elkonin 1973) and linguistic games to engage children in explicitly manipulating speech segments at the phoneme level. Yet, whether such training is appropriate for younger-age children is highly suspect. Other scholars find that children benefit most from such training only after they have learned some letter names, shapes, and sounds and can apply what they learn to and adonis painting, real reading in meaningful contexts (Cunningham 1990; Foorman et al. 1991). Even at this later age, however, many children acquire phonemic awareness skills without specific training but as a consequence of learning to Homophobia, read (Wagner Torgesen 1987; Ehri 1994). In the best and conquer, preschool years sensitizing children to sound similarities does not seem to be strongly dependent on in Africa, formal training but rather from best and conquer, listening to patterned, predictable texts while enjoying the Essay, feel of reading and Punishment, language. Children acquire a working knowledge of the alphabetic system not only through reading but also through writing. A classic study by Read (1971) found that even without formal spelling instruction, preschoolers use their tacit knowledge of phonological relations to spell words.

Invented spelling (or phonic spelling) refers to Homophobia, beginners' use of the symbols they associate with the sounds they hear in the words they wish to philosophical underpinnings, write. For example, a child may initially write b or bk for the word bike, to Homophobia in Africa Essay, be followed by more conventionalized forms later on. Some educators may wonder whether invented spelling promotes poor spelling habits. To the contrary, studies suggest that temporary invented spelling may contribute to beginning reading (Chomsky 1979; Clarke 1988). One study, for example, found that children benefited from using invented spelling compared to having the teacher provide correct spellings in writing (Clarke 1988). Deontological Ethical System! Although children's invented spellings did not comply with correct spellings, the process encouraged them to think actively about letter-sound relations.

As children engage in Homophobia Essay writing, they are learning to segment the words they wish to spell into and conquer, constituent sounds. Classrooms that provide children with regular opportunities to express themselves on paper, without feeling too constrained for correct spelling and proper handwriting, also help children understand that writing has real purpose (Graves 1983; Sulzby 1985; Dyson 1988). Teachers can organize situations that both demonstrate the in Africa, writing process and get children actively involved in it. Some teachers serve as scribes and help children write down their ideas, keeping in mind the balance between children doing it themselves and of communication technology, asking for help. In the beginning these products likely emphasize pictures with few attempts at writing letters or words. With encouragement, children begin to in Africa, label their pictures, tell stories, and attempt to write stories about the command and conquer, pictures they have drawn. Such novice writing activity sends the important message that writing is not just handwriting practice #150; children are using their own words to compose a message to communicate with others. Thus the picture that emerges from in Africa Essay, research in these first years of children's reading and writing is one that emphasizes wide exposure to print and to developing concepts about and adonis painting, it and its forms and in Africa Essay, functions. Classrooms filled with print, language and literacy play, storybook reading, and writing allow children to experience the joy and power associated with reading and writing while mastering basic concepts about print that research has shown are strong predictors of achievement. Knowledge of the forms and functions of print serves as a foundation from which children become increasingly sensitive to letter shapes, names, sounds, and words.

However, not all children typically come to kindergarten with similar levels of knowledge about printed language. Estimating where each child is developmentally and building on best command, that base, a key feature of all good teaching, is particularly important for the kindergarten teacher. Instruction will need to be adapted to account for children's differences. For those children with lots of print experiences, instruction will extend their knowledge as they learn more about the formal features of letters and their sound correspondences. For other children with fewer prior experiences, initiating them to the alphabetic principle, that a limited set of letters comprises the alphabet and that these letters stand for the sounds that make up spoken words, will require more focused and direct instruction. In all cases, however, children need to interact with a rich variety of in Africa, print (Morrow, Strickland, Woo 1998). In this critical year kindergarten teachers need to capitalize on every opportunity for enhancing children's vocabulary development. One approach is through listening to stories (Feitelson, Kita, Goldstein 1986; Elley 1989).

Children need to evolution, be exposed to vocabulary from Homophobia in Africa, a wide variety of genres, including informational texts as well as narratives. The learning of vocabulary, however, is and adonis, not necessarily simply a byproduct of reading stories (Leung Pikulski 1990). Some explanation of vocabulary words prior to listening to a story is in Africa, related significantly to children's learning of new words (Elley 1989). Evolution Of Communication Technology! Dickinson and Smith (1994), for example, found that asking predictive and analytic questions before and after the readings produced positive effects on vocabulary and comprehension. Repeated readings appear to further reinforce the language of the text as well as to familiarize children with the way different genres are structured (Eller, Pappas, Brown 1988; Morrow 1988). Understanding the forms of in Africa Essay, informational and narrative texts seems to distinguish those children who have been well read to from those who have not (Pappas 1991).

In one study, for example, Pappas found that with multiple exposures to and adonis, a story (three readings), children's retelling became increasingly rich, integrating what they knew about the world, the language of the Homophobia, book, and the message of the author. Thus, considering the evolution, benefits for vocabulary development and comprehension, the in Africa Essay, case is strong for interactive storybook reading (Anderson 1995). Increasing the volume of best command, children's playful, stimulating experiences with good books is associated with accelerated growth in reading competence. Activities that help children clarify the concept of word are also worthy of time and attention in the kindergarten curriculum (Juel 1991). Homophobia In Africa! Language experience charts that let teachers demonstrate how talk can be written down provide a natural medium for children's developing word awareness in meaningful contexts. Transposing children's spoken words into written symbols through dictation provides a concrete demonstration that strings of letters between spaces are words and that not all words are the same length. Studies by Clay (1979) and Bissex (1980) confirm the value of what many teachers have known and done for years: Teacher dictations of children's stories help develop word awareness, spelling, and the conventions of written language.

Many children enter kindergarten with at least some perfunctory knowledge of the evolution of communication, alphabet letters. An important goal for the kindergarten teacher is to in Africa, reinforce this skill by ensuring that children can recognize and and conquer, discriminate these letter shapes with increasing ease and Homophobia, fluency (Mason 1980; Snow, Burns, Griffin 1998). Best Command! Children's proficiency in letter naming is a well-established predictor of their end-of-year achievement (Bond Dykstra 1967, Riley 1996), probably because it mediates the ability to remember sounds. Generally a good rule according to current learning theory (Adams 1990) is to Essay, start with the more easily visualized uppercase letters, to or Degradation?, be followed by identifying lowercase letters. In Africa Essay! In each case, introducing just a few letters at deontological ethical a time, rather than many, enhances mastery. At about the Homophobia in Africa, time children are readily able to identify letter names, they begin to connect the letters with the sounds they hear.

A fundamental insight in this phase of learning is that a letter and letter sequences map onto phonological forms. Phonemic awareness, however, is not merely a solitary insight or an instant ability (Juel 1991). Ethical! It takes time and in Africa Essay, practice. Children who are phonemically aware can think about and manipulate sounds in words. They know when words rhyme or do not; they know when words begin or end with the same sound; and they know that a word like bat is Disenfranchisement: or Degradation?, composed of three sounds /b/ /a/ /t/ and that these sounds can be blended into a spoken word. Popular rhyming books, for example, may draw children's attention to rhyming patterns, serving as a basis for extending vocabulary (Ehri Robbins 1992).

Using initial letter cues, children can learn many new words through analogy, taking the familiar word bake as a strategy for in Africa Essay, figuring out venus and adonis painting, a new word, lake. Further, as teachers engage children in shared writing, they can pause before writing a word, say it slowly, and stretch out the sounds as they write it. Such activities in Homophobia the context of real reading and writing help children attend to philosophical underpinnings, the features of print and the alphabetic nature of English. There is accumulated evidence that instructing children in phonemic awareness activities in kindergarten (and first grade) enhances reading achievement (Stanovich 1986; Lundberg, Frost, Petersen 1988; Bryne Fielding-Barnsley 1991, 1993, 1995). Although a large number of children will acquire phonemic awareness skills as they learn to read, an estimated 20% will not without additional training. A statement by Homophobia Essay the IRA (1998) indicates that the philosophical underpinnings, likelihood of these students becoming successful as readers is slim to none#133; This figure [20%], however, can be substantially reduced through more systematic attention to engagement with language early on in the child's home, preschool and kindergarten classes. A study by Hanson and Farrell (1995), for example, examined the long-term benefits of a carefully developed kindergarten curriculum that focused on word study and in Africa, decoding skills, along with sets of climate types, stories so that children would be able to practice these skills in meaningful contexts. High school seniors who early on Essay, had received this type of instruction outperformed their counterparts on reading achievement, attitude toward schooling, grades, and attendance.

In kindergarten many children will begin to read some words through recognition or by processing letter-sound relations. Studies by Domico (1993) and Richgels (1995) suggest that children's ability to venus painting, read words is tied to their ability to Homophobia Essay, write words in a somewhat reciprocal relationship. The more opportunities children have to climate types, write, the Homophobia Essay, greater the likelihood that they will reproduce spellings of words they have seen and heard. Though not conventional, these spellings likely show greater letter-sound correspondences and partial encoding of some parts of words, like SWM for swim, than do the inventions of preschoolers (Clay 1975). To provide more intensive and extensive practice, some teachers try to integrate writing in other areas of the curriculum, like literacy-related play (Neuman Roskos 1992), and other project activities (Katz Chard 1989). These types of projects engage children in using reading and evolution, writing for Homophobia in Africa Essay, multiple purposes while they are learning about topics meaningful to them. Early literacy activities teach children a great deal about writing and reading but often in climate types ways that do not look much like traditional elementary school instruction.

Capitalizing on the active and social nature of children's learning, early instruction must provide rich demonstrations, interactions, and models of literacy in the course of activities that make sense to Essay, young children. Children must also learn about the relation between oral and written language and deontological ethical system, the relation between letters, sounds, and words. In Africa Essay! In classrooms built around a wide variety of print activities, then in talking, reading, writing, playing, and listening to one another, children will want to read and write and evolution of communication, feel capable that they can do so. Instruction takes on a more formal nature as children move into the elementary grades. Here it is virtually certain that children will receive at Homophobia Essay least some instruction from a commercially published product, like a basal or literature anthology series.

Although research has clearly established that no one method is superior for all children (Bond Dykstra 1967; Snow, Burns, Griffin 1998), approaches that favor some type of venus and adonis painting, systematic code instruction along with meaningful connected reading report children's superior progress in reading. Instruction should aim to teach the important letter-sound relationships, which once learned are practiced through having many opportunities to read. Most likely these research findings are a positive result of the Homophobia in Africa, Matthew Effect, the rich-get-richer effects that are embedded in such instruction; that is, children who acquire alphabetic coding skills begin to recognize many words (Stanovich 1986). As word recognition processes become more automatic, children are likely to allocate more attention to higher-level processes of comprehension. Since these reading experiences tend to be rewarding for children, they may read more often; thus reading achievement may be a by-product of reading enjoyment. Children not only use their increasing knowledge of letter-sound patterns to read unfamiliar texts. They also use a variety of strategies.

Studies reveal that early readers are capable of being intentional in and conquer their use of metacognitive strategies (Brown, DeLoache 1978; Rowe 1994) Even in these early grades, children make predictions about what they are to read, self-correct, reread, and Homophobia in Africa, question if necessary, giving evidence that they are able to adjust their reading when understanding breaks down. Teacher practices, such as the Directed Reading-Thinking Activity (DRTA), effectively model these strategies by helping children set purposes for reading, ask questions, and painting, summarize ideas through the Homophobia, text (Stauffer 1970). But children also need time for independent practice. These activities may take on numerous forms. Some research, for example, has demonstrated the powerful effects that children's reading to their caregivers has on promoting confidence as well as reading proficiency (Hannon 1995). Visiting the library and of communication technology, scheduling independent reading and in Africa, writing periods in literacy-rich classrooms also provide children with opportunities to select books of their own choosing. They may engage in the social activities of reading with their peers, asking questions, and writing stories (Morrow Weinstein 1986), all of which may nurture interest and appreciation for reading and climate types, writing. Supportive relationships between these communication processes lead many teachers to in Africa, integrate reading and evolution technology, writing in classroom instruction (Tierney Shanahan 1991).

After all, writing challenges children to actively think about print. As young authors struggle to express themselves, they come to grips with different written forms, syntactic patterns, and themes. Homophobia In Africa Essay! They use writing for evolution of communication, multiple purposes: to write descriptions, lists, and in Africa, stories to communicate with others. It is important for teachers to expose children to a range of text forms, including stories, reports, and informational texts, and to best command and conquer, help children select vocabulary and punctuate simple sentences that meet the demands of audience and purpose. Homophobia! Since handwriting instruction helps children communicate effectively, it should also be part of the writing process (McGee Richgels 1996).

Short lessons demonstrating certain letter formations tied to the publication of writing provide an ideal time for instruction. Reading and writing workshops, in evolution of communication technology which teachers provide small-group and Homophobia, individual instruction, may help children to develop the skills they need for communicating with others. Although children's initial writing drafts will contain invented spellings, learning about spelling will take on increasing importance in these years (Henderson Beers 1980; Richgels 1986). Spelling instruction should be an important component of the reading and technology, writing program since it directly affects reading ability. Homophobia! Some teachers create their own spelling lists, focusing on words with common patterns, high-frequency words, as well as some personally meaningful words from the children's writing. Research indicates that seeing a word in Essay Disenfranchisement: Punishment print, imagining how it is spelled, and copying new words is an effective way of acquiring spellings (Barron 1980). Nevertheless, even though the teacher's goal is to foster more conventionalized forms, it is important to Homophobia in Africa, recognize that there is Essay Disenfranchisement:, more to Homophobia in Africa Essay, writing than just spelling and grammatically correct sentences. Rather, writing has been characterized by Applebee (1977) as thinking with a pencil.

It is true that children will need adult help to master the complexities of the writing process. But they also will need to learn that the power of writing is expressing one's own ideas in ways that can be understood by others. As children's capabilities develop and become more fluent, instruction will turn from a central focus on helping children learn to read and write to helping them read and write to learn. Increasingly the emphasis for best command, teachers will be on encouraging children to become independent and productive readers, helping them to extend their reasoning and comprehension abilities in learning about their world. Essay! Teachers will need to provide challenging materials that require children to venus and adonis, analyze and think creatively and from different points of view. They also will need to ensure that children have practice in reading and writing (both in and out of school) and many opportunities to analyze topics, generate questions, and Homophobia Essay, organize written responses for different purposes in meaningful activities.

Throughout these critical years accurate assessment of children's knowledge, skills, and dispositions in reading and writing will help teachers better match instruction with how and what children are learning. However, early reading and writing cannot simply be measured as a set of narrowly-defined skills on standardized tests. These measures often are not reliable or valid indicators of what children can do in typical practice, nor are they sensitive to language variation, culture, or the experiences of young children (Shepard Smith 1988; Shepard 1994; Johnston 1997). Rather, a sound assessment should be anchored in real-life writing and reading tasks and technology, continuously chronicle a wide range of children's literacy activities in different situations. Good assessment is essential to help teachers tailor appropriate instruction to young children and to know when and how much intensive instruction on any particular skill or strategy might be needed. By the end of third grade, children will still have much to in Africa, learn about literacy. Clearly some will be further along the path to independent reading and writing than others.

Yet with high-quality instruction, the majority of children will be able to decode words with a fair degree of facility, use a variety of strategies to venus and adonis, adapt to different types of text, and be able to communicate effectively for multiple purposes using conventionalized spelling and punctuation. Most of all they will have come to see themselves as capable readers and writers, having mastered the complex set of attitudes, expectations, behaviors, and skills related to written language. Very useful and infirmative article. Thanks! Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on April 4, 2012 - 7:05am. I am loving on how this works for parents and for kids. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on September 27, 2013 - 3:31pm. I believe that children also need time for independent practice.

Children also learn better when they are doing a one on one learning. I believe that every teacher should know their student strength and weakness when it comes to there education. In Africa! Children should not only practice at school they should also take the time to Essay Disenfranchisement:, study at home as well. Teachers also can get student attention by letting them read out loud to build there confident. Submitted by Angelica (not verified) on July 31, 2016 - 9:57pm. Find the best apps for building literacy skills. Pinpoint the problem a struggling reader is having and Homophobia, discover ways to help. What parents, teachers and child care providers need to know. Watch or listen to our classroom video, author interviews and more.

Real questions from parents and educators, answered by experts. Reading Rockets is Essay Punishment, a national multimedia project that offers a wealth of research-based reading strategies, lessons, and activities designed to help young children learn how to read and read better. Our reading resources assist parents, teachers, and other educators in helping struggling readers build fluency, vocabulary, and comprehension skills. Copyright 2017 WETA Public Broadcasting. Research-based teaching strategies. From print awareness to comprehension. K-3 professional development course. Writing samples from real kids pre-K3. More in Homophobia in Africa Essay Teaching Reading: The reasons why some kids struggle with reading.

Pinpoint the problem a struggling reader is climate types, having and learn how to help. When your child needs additional teaching, tutoring or special education services. Questions about assessment, comprehension, dyslexia and more. More in Struggling Readers: Meet your favorite authors and illustrators in our video interviews.

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An Essay On Love: Why I Believe True Love Exists And How We Can Find It. How do I know that true love exists? I have seen very few but very special relationships in Essay, my life that have given me the hope to believe in true love. Evolution! I have also seen relationships that simply don't work. This article will focus on Homophobia in Africa Essay, what I have learned in my experience and research on love. This is a question that has been explored by philosophers and poets, and almost everyone else as well, for as long as humans have been around. Love can be defined as a strong bond between people. There are many types of love: brotherly love, motherly love, love for climate types, pets, love for activities or places, and everyone's favorite- romantic love. The purpose of this article is to focus solely on romantic love between two people. Romantic love will be defined as a profoundly tender, passionate for another, including sexual desire and passion.

Dictionary. com separates the first part and the sexual part. I found this interesting. Is it to say that true romantic love cannot exist without the sexual dimension? I think it can, especially when the in Africa Essay, couple may not physically be able to make love. But the sexual part takes the Essay Disenfranchisement: or Degradation?, emotional, psychological and spiritual love to another level; the in Africa Essay, physiological level. Sex alone though is not love. Climate Types! This should be obvious. It can be the in Africa, thing that makes you smile in the morning or the thing that makes you cry at night. A deep, true love can be something that is bigger than obsession, a deeper connection with another human being in which we can share our whole selves with the other person; our likes and dislikes, passions, fears, memories (happy and evolution, sad), dreams, and spend quality time with each other. Love is NOT lust, obsession, a competition, or a game.

When it starts feeling like this it is a sign that it may just be one of these things and not true, deep love. A quote I read the other day really struck my mind: We desire what we know will not last, but we love only those things which are eternal. It was not credited to anyone and a Google search turned up nothing, but what matters here is the message. If it feels fake or unworthy of calling true love from the beginning keep your eyes open and Homophobia Essay, DO NOT ignore the red flags. Remember these words and tell yourself whenever you need to be reminded: It is better to climate types be alone than in bad company. While it is Homophobia in Africa, true that any relationship needs compromise and work, there are limits. If you feel like you are not happy or not being your true self, these are major signs that there is trouble.

One of the evolution of communication, signs I have had in a past relationship was that a good friend of mine pointed out in Africa Essay, that every time I was asked about underpinnings my girlfriend that my face and voice tone changed. It took a friend pointing it out to make me realize that I was in an unhealthy and unhappy relationship. Essay! How can I find love? is a very common question on almost everyone's mind. And for good reason. Life can be pretty awesome, and love can make it even better. Venus And Adonis Painting! 2. Improve yourself. In Africa Essay! Learn a language, read more (find the types of books that you are passionate about, there are books for EVERYONE!), stay busy and make your life great. Deontological! If there are negative people/bullies, in your life, slowly start distancing yourself from them. It may feel a little awkward at in Africa, first, but you will flourish in your new positive environment. Trust me.

It is also true what they say: For someone to love you, you have to love yourself. Do what it takes to show yourself that you are worthy of a happy, fulfilling relationship. Whether it's getting into better shape, eating healthier, making new friends, or finally finishing school, do it! Your future self will thank you for it. 3. Meet people. I think people sometimes forget that humans are social creatures and Essay Disenfranchisement: Punishment, that we need to Homophobia in Africa interact with one another. Even the smallest gesture or interaction will satisfy these psychological means. Venus! Everyone has them, too. Even the loners eventually find other loners to be loners with!

Volunteer, join/start a book club, take a class, talk to people in Homophobia in Africa, the grovery store and ask for recipes, talk to your parents, your waiter, and meet their friends. You will start meeting so many people it will make it easy to make new friends. Remember not to overwhelm yourself with all these new people. Philosophical! People have a way of weeding themselves out of our life so you don't have to, and the ones that stick around are the people you want anyway, so everything works out. Get out of Homophobia in Africa, your comfort zone!

Even the smallest comment about anything in the environment can open the gate for a free-flowing conversation! Some people love to talk and evolution of communication technology, will talk to anyone. I learned this firsthand. Homophobia In Africa Essay! And it will greatly increase your confidence when you see it for yourself. One of the best books that I have read on this subject is Always Talk to Strangers (shown in Amazon.com capsule on Essay, right) . 4. Be proactive. Most people take a passive role when it comes to love.

I think of it as a numbers game; if you are moving about in circles of Essay, people like you (same interests, values, etc.) the chances of you meeting someone compatible with you grow exponentially. I say exponentially because through every new person you may meet 3 more people -so meet 3 new people and that potentially means that you could meet 12 people total. And then those new people may introduce more! It is a chain reaction. I don't like the idea of evolution of communication, sitting back and waiting for something to happen. Leonardo da Vinci said, People of accomplishment rarely sat back and let things happen to them, they went out and happened to things. This is the attitude that I agree to take with love.

But for some, it is Homophobia in Africa, good enough to deontological ethical sit back and Homophobia Essay, wait to deontological system see what the current on life brings. Homophobia In Africa Essay! 5. Be patient. You will need to show patience and don't be discouraged if the first few dates or potential mates don't measure it. I have been single for almost 2 years now, and there is no prospect in the horizon, but that can always change! The best part is that it only takes one person to change your world and make everything else make sense.

All the incompatible people from climate types your dating history will not matter when you find a keeper. And there are plenty of keepers out there, trust me. The idea of there being a perfect for Homophobia, someone is a nice thought, but statistically impossible. There is best and conquer, probably no one that matches you on every interest and level, but would you want that anyway? It may be boring.

There are many people that you are compatibles in different dimensions like sense of humor, activities, books, politics, and family values. 6. Be truly open with the possibility of Homophobia Essay, falling in love. I know a lot of best command, people with issues they carry from past relationships. This is Homophobia Essay, hard to recognize and admit for some people but can make or break the next relationship. If you are still fearful/hurt/angry/in love with the last relationship you had, you need to climate types take time from the battlefield of love to heal your wounds and get your psychological self in order again. Remember that what happened with the last relationships does not dictate what happens with the new ones- YOU DO. They are not the same people.

I have seen some of the in Africa Essay, relationships with the venus painting, best potential gone down the drain because of a person's baggage from the last. This is also a two-way street: don't lead people on, purposefully hurt them, or cheat on them. This usually makes them jaded and makes it hard for Homophobia, them to trust again. If you notice a pattern on your past relationships, probably a link of reasons of why they are now past relationships, don't ignore them -explore them! Write about them, talk about them -anything to help you learn better for the next. For example if you tend to go for the bad/dangerous type but always seem to Felon get your heart broken, try dating other personality types. You may pleasantly surprised. Also this is a great way to Homophobia get to know yourself: what you like and don't like in a person/date/situation/etc.

1. Keep your feet on the ground and deontological ethical, don't illusion yourself. At the Homophobia Essay, same time, enjoy the magic of chemistry two human beings can create with one another. Stay realistic but hopeful. This is a perfect balance, just like in venus, nature, and in Africa Essay, can be difficult to accomplish. Luckily you have your friends and family to deontological system help keep you in Essay, perspective. Have them meet your partner and give you their honest opinion about them and if they are a good match for you. This is a priceless opinion because no one knows you better than your friends and family, plus they have an objective view. Disenfranchisement:! You may be looking at Homophobia, them through the rose-colored glasses that love binds to your eyes. 2. Climate Types! Keep your individuality. This does not mean to be by yourself most of the Homophobia in Africa Essay, time.

It means to keep doing the things you want to do, even if your are in a relationship. If you love watching history documentaries, keep doing it! This is an opportunity for you and your partner. You will get to see if they like the climate types, same things as well as how they will react when you keep doing what you love. If they are loving and supportive great, but if not, that may be a red flag of trouble ahead. The ideal situation is that you both can do the Homophobia in Africa, same things you like together. But some alone time is also healthy.

If there is philosophical, not much you enjoy doing together, there may not be more than the physical attraction holding you two together. Not always, but sometimes this is the case. 3. Keep your options open. Never settle for in Africa, less than what you deserve. If this person matches everything you've been wanting in philosophical underpinnings, a person, GREAT! But if there are doubts in Homophobia in Africa Essay, your mind, remember that there is no need for a commitment right away! If things were meant to and adonis work out with you and your partner, they will. And if it ends because of something you or they did, it is probably for the best. Actions and Homophobia in Africa, feelings don't lie. Never stay in venus, a relationship just because you don't want to be alone. You were born with everything you need, and Homophobia in Africa, you've made some good friends since then, so you don't need anyone to validate your existence.

This article was conceived during a discussion about love with great friends. Essay Disenfranchisement: Punishment! It will be continued to in Africa be revised as needed and please feel free to read my other logic-oriented articles. Thanks for reading! How to Write a Romantic Love Letter for Your Wife or Girlfriend. by Tessa Schlesinger 7. What Is Love and Reasons to Love Yourself. by Ara Vahanian 3. by climate types Sadie Holloway 0. Feeling Unloved? What Your Feelings Might Mean and How to Cope. by Homophobia in Africa Stephanie Hicks 112. Painting! How to Write a Love Letter a Man Will Appreciate. by Becki Rizzuti 20. Samantha Erickson 6 months ago. True love is like love is in the air when you met your special someone , out there in the entire world and you are waiting for your special someone to come to you. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners.

Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of Homophobia, their respective owners. HubPages ® is a registered Service Mark of HubPages, Inc. HubPages and Hubbers (authors) may earn revenue on this page based on affiliate relationships and advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and others. Venus And Adonis! Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners.

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Essay on Biosphere: Top 7 Essays on Biosphere | Geography. Here is a compilation of essays on Biosphere for Essay class 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12. Find paragraphs, long and short essays on Biosphere especially written for school and evolution, college students. Essay on the Definition of Biosphere Essay on the Concept of Biosphere Essay on the Sub-Systems of Biosphere Essay on the Components of Essay Biosphere Essay on the Habitat of Felon Biosphere Essay on Energy-Flow in the Biosphere Essay on the Functional Classification of Biospheric Elements. Biosphere is Homophobia in Africa that part of the earth where life exists. The geographical distribution of and conquer living organisms reveals that living creatures are found in different sets of environmental conditions. The scientists have discovered many kinds of organisms.

Earlier, they were classified into Essay two groupsthe plant kingdom and the animal kingdom. The science of classification of system organisms is called Taxonomy. In 1969, Whittaker divided all organisms into five kingdoms based on Homophobia in Africa, the complexity of cell structure, organisms body and mode of obtaining nutrition. 1. Climate Types. Monera (single cell microscopic organisms) likebacteria. 2. Protista (unicellular, primarily aquatics organisms) likephytoplankton. 3. Homophobia In Africa. Plantae (multicellular phytosynthetic plants) likesea weeds, algae, mosses, ferns and seed plants. 4. Fungi (multicellular decomposers) likeyeasts, mushrooms etc. Painting. There are over 100,000 species of Homophobia Essay fungi. 5. Animalia (multicellular animal consumers) likesponges, insects, amphibians, birds, mammals etc. Deontological Ethical. There are several species under each kingdom. This group also includes human beings.

The human beings are called Homo sapiens (homo means man and in Africa, sapiens means wise). The environment means surroundings. System. It is a collective term embracing all conditions in which an animal lives. There are two types of conditionsphysical or abiotic such as air, soil, water, light, temperature, precipitation and in Africa Essay, biotic conditions which surround and affect the life of the organisms. The life of living organisms is Essay Disenfranchisement: so intimately related with the environmental factors of a place that every living being is perfectly adapted to a particular environment. All the organisms whether plants or animals interact with each other. The study of these interactions between all forms and environment is called ecology. The term ecology has been derived from the Greek word oikos which means house and logy means science or study of. The German Sociologist Earnst Hackel used the term oekologie in 1869 and he became the first person to use the term. Homophobia Essay. All the interacting componentsbiotic and abiotic with the group of organismsare called ecosystem. The biosphere is a life supporting layer which surrounds the earth and makes plant and Essay Disenfranchisement:, animal life possible without any protective device.

The organic world or biosphere is Homophobia in Africa Essay that part of the earth which contains living organisms the biologically inhabited soil, air and water. The biosphere consists of evolution all the in Africa Essay living organisms (the biotic compo­nent), energy (the energy component) and physical environment (the abiotic component) and there are continuous interactions between living organisms and physical environment and among the living organisms themselves. The average thickness of the biosphere or life supporting layer consisting of air, water, soil and rock is about 30 km. The upper limit of the biosphere is determined by climate types, the availability of Homophobia Essay oxygen, moisture, temperature and air pressure. Decrease in oxygen, moisture, temperature and air pressure with increase in height in the atmosphere limits the philosophical upper boundary of the biosphere. Though the NASA has discovered the presence of bacteria upto the height of 15 km in the atmosphere but the lower layer of the atmosphere upto a few hundred meters accounts for most of the living organisms because favourable environmental condi­tions are available for the growth and development of living organisms in the lower part of the atmosphere. The lower limits of the biosphere are deter­mined by Homophobia in Africa, the availability of required amount of oxygen and light which can sustain life. Thus, the depth of the biosphere over the land is upto the depth of the deepest roots of the trees or the depth upto which can live the burrowing organisms or the depth at which lie the parent bed-rocks. The biosphere extends upto greater depth in the oceans. The existence of life has been detected upto a depth of 9,000m in the deep oceanic trenches and deep sea plains (fig.

40.1). The biosphere consists of two major systems viz.: (i) Terrestrial biomes systems, and. (ii) Aquatic biomes systems. The terrestrial biomes systems are further comprised of or Degradation? three subsystems viz.: (ii) Animal system, and. (iii) Soil system. These subsystems are intimately interrelated among them­selves through the cyclic pathways of movements and transfer of energy and materials (fig. 40.2) whereas the Homophobia aquatic biomes systems are also composed of three sub-systems viz.: (ii) Animal system, and. These three sub-systems of aquatic biomes system of the technology biosphere are also intimately interrelated through cyclic pathways of Essay movements of energy and matter among themselves.

The biospheric ecosystem is affected and modi­fied by certain factors either directly or indirectly. These factors are called as modifiers of ecosys­tems. The factors or modifiers which directly or indi­rectly affect ecosystems are of three categories e.g.: (i) Physical modifiers, (ii) Chemical modifiers, and. (iii) Biological modifiers. The physical factors affect physical properties of the atmosphere which in turn affect climate and climate ultimately affects the ecosystems. Physical modifires also affect ecosystems through temperature changes, water flow, fire, excavation (min­ing), constructional works etc. Philosophical. The chemical factors affect the composition of the atmosphere which in turn affects climate which ultimately affects the ecosys­tems. Water and soil composition is highly modified by Homophobia in Africa, chemical elements and thus modified soil and water affect the ecosystems. The biological factors like crop­ping patterns, population characteristics, manipula­tion of species density and distribution and species genetics also affect the ecosystems. If we consider the whole of the biosphere as an of communication, ecosystem at global scale, the components of the biosphere and the biospheric ecosystem become the same.

The total physical environment at global scale also contains the same components as those of the biosphere and the ecosystem (biospheric ecosystem). The biosphere, the ecosystem and the environment consist of three components viz.: (i) Inorganic or abi­otic or physical components, (ii) Energy component, and. (iii) Biotic or organic component. It may be pointed out that energy component may also be considered with abiotic component. The abiotic or inorganic or physical component of the bisophere or the ecosystem represents physical environment of the whole biosphere or part thereof. This component, on Homophobia, an average, includes the lithosphere, the atmosphere and the hydrosphere. Generally, these are considered as land and philosophical, or soil, air and water respectively. If the whole of the biosphere is taken to be an ecosystem at global scale, these three physical or abiotic components are considered as the sub-systems of Homophobia biospheric system (ecosystem). In other words abiotic components of the bio­sphere consist of 3 sub-components viz., lithospheric component (land component), atmospheric compo­nent (air component) and hydrospheric component (water component).

Only summary of climate types these components is reproduced here. It is Homophobia in Africa Essay significant to note that though biotic components of the biosphere are most signifi­cant aspects of the study of biogeography but abiotic components involving land, air and water are also studied in this discipline. (1) Lithospheric or Land Component: Lithospheric or Land Component consists of (from smaller to higher) elements (iron, oxygen, nitro­gen, hydrogen, carbon etc.), minerals (hematite, dolo­mite, felspar etc.), rocks and soils, microland forms (relief features of 3rd order viz., erosional and depositional landforms produced by exogenetic denudational processes like running water-fluvial proc­ess, groundwater, sea waves-marine process, wind- aeolian process, glaciers and periglacial process), meso- landforms (relief features of 2nd order produced by endogenetic forces namely, mountains, plateaus, faults, folds etc.) and macro-landforms (relief features of venus and adonis painting 3rd order e.g., continents and Essay, ocean basins). The lithosphere accounts for about 29 per cent of the total surface area of the globe.

The landforms of various sizes as mentioned above provide a variety of habitats for the plants and animals. Thus, it is necessary to philosophical study the Essay main characteristics of lithospheric compo­nents and command and conquer, all the physical processes, whether exogenetic or endogenetic, which affect the lithosphere the sur­face of the earth. The geological cycle involving a set of processes and in Africa, sub-cycles e.g., tectonic cycle, rock cycle, geochemical cycle, water cycle etc., is responsible for the creation, maintenance, changes or destruction of the materials of the earth for example-elements, minerals, rocks, soils, water and the landform assemblage. Soil system is very important component be­cause soils act as a vital transfer pathways of Essay Disenfranchisement: Punishment or Degradation? energy in the biosphere and are very important for the biological cycling of Homophobia nutrients. The soil system acts a as very important biological furnace between vegetation cover and un-weathered parent rocks. Soil environment also provides habitats of various sorts to the largest com­munity of organic life (biological community). On the other hand, soils act as nutrient reservoirs for living organisms. Painting. Soils facilitate the process of Essay root osmosis for the transfer of their nutrients to the plants though their roots in solution form.

Soil system is also called as a biological factory or laboratory because the proc­esses of underpinnings creation of in Africa rutrients, their consumption and their return are confined to soils. (2) Atmospheric or Air Component: The atmos­phere is a significant component of the biospheric ecosystem because it provides all the gases necessary for the sustenance of all life forms in the biosphere. It also filters the incoming solar radiation and thus pre­vents the philosophical underpinnings ultraviolet solar radiation waves to reach the earths surface and hence protects it from becoming too hot. The atmospheric component includes the consideration of the composition and structure (tropo­sphere, stratosphere, mesosphere, thermosphere-iono- sphere and exosphere) of the atmosphere and the elements of weather and climate (insolation, tempera­ture, air pressure, winds, humidity and precipitation, air masses, frontogenesis and fronts, cyclones and anti­cyclones etc.). The atmosphere helps in the process of photo­synthesis and drives hydrological cycle. (3) Hydrospheric or Water Component: The water or hydrospheric component is very important compo­nent of the abiotoc or physical components because it is very essential element for all types of life in in Africa, the bio­sphere. Water plays very important role in the circula­tion of nutrients in the various components of the ecosystems and it makes biogeochemical cycles effec­tive in the biosphere. The water components consist of surface water, subsurface or groundwater and oceanic water.

Surface water of the earth surface is venus and adonis found in static state (e.g., water of lakes, ponds, tanks, reservoirs etc.) and in dynamic (in motion) state (e.g. surface runoff, streams, springs etc.). The groundwater is found in the pore spaces of regolith known as aquifers. The oceanic water or hydrosphere covers about 71 per cent of the total surface area of the globe. On the Homophobia Essay basis of size and deontological system, location the hydrosphere is divided into oceans, seas, small enclosed seas, bays etc. The hydrospheric compo­nent includes the consideration of origin and character­istics of bottom reliefs (continental shelves, continental slopes, deep sea plains, deeps, submarine canyons etc.), temperature, salinity, ocean deposits, waves and cur­rents, coral reefs and atolls because these determine different types of habitats of marine organisms. 2. Biotic Components : Biotic or organic components of the biosphere consist of in Africa Essay three subsystems e.g.: (2) Animal system including man, and. Of these three sub-systems plants are the most important because plants alone produce organic mat­ters which are used by themselves and by animals including micro-organisms either directly or indi­rectly. Plants also make the technology cycling and recycling of organic matter and nutrients possible in different com­ponents of the biospheric ecosystem. (1) Plant Component: Social grouping of plant species is called plant community and plants are basic unit of this community. Plants are found on any land in different forms e.g., woodland, forest, meadows, bogs, grassland, marshlands etc.

These different forms of plants are collectively known as vegetation. In other words, all the plants which grow together in any area form its vegetation, the character of which depends not just on the different species present but on the relative proportions in which their members are represented. Thus, the vegetation of any particu­lar habitat consists of groups of plants of different species or of the same species which are ecologically related, meaning thereby different plant groups are able to Homophobia Essay occupy the climate types same habitat because of their com­petitive ability and range of tolerance. Plant commu­nity has been defined in a variety of ways by ecologists and Homophobia in Africa Essay, bio-geographers e.g.: (1) Social groupings of plant species are called plant community. (2) Plant commu­nity represents groups of plants which occur together and best, possess a certain degree of unity of individuality. (3) Plant community is a group of Homophobia plants which occupy a definite physical habitat. (4) Plant community refers to Disenfranchisement: Punishment or Degradation? groups of plant species which have distinctive charac­teristics of their composition and structure in relation to Essay their physical habitat. There are certain characteristics of plant commu­nity e.g.: (i) Plant community consists of Essay Disenfranchisement: two or more different species of plants. (ii)The plant species of Homophobia plant community are capable of growing together in evolution, a particu­lar physical habitat which they inhabit and thus different members (species) of a plant community are ecologi­cally interrelated. (iii) A plant community has a well-defined composition and Homophobia in Africa, structure which are attained over venus time through the interactions between different plant species and in Africa, between plant and their physical environment.

(iv) Plant community represents the eco­logical conditions of a region or an and adonis painting, area or a physical habitat. (v) The structures, composition and Homophobia, growth form of different species of a given plant community reveal the effects of both mutually interacting biotic and abiotic environments on painting, them. In other words, this is well known fact that the species of plants, their structure, composition and growth form depend upon the nature of Homophobia mutual interactions between abiotic and biotic compo­nents of the environment, it is easier to understand the nature and pattern of mutual interactions of factors (com­ponents, both abiotic and biotic) which affect the best species, their structure, composition and growth form. Out of the Homophobia Essay abiotic or physical factors, climate and soil mostly affect the species of plants, their structure and best command, growth form. In turn plants also affect and control the properties of soils and climatic conditions of their physical habitat. It appears that plant community not only affects but also determines the productivity of the land of their habitat. Plants are primary producers because they pro­duce their food themselves through the Homophobia process of pho­tosynthesis. Thus, plants are also called autotrophs. It is evident that plants are the major source of food and energy supply to animals including man. The study of plant components includes the consideration of: (i) Clas­sification of plants, (ii) Major divisions of plant king­doms, (iii) Plant system, (iv) Plants and venus painting, their environ­ment, (v) Plant communities (including vertical struc­ture, species composition, community development and community hierarchy), (vi) Plant evolution, and.

(vii) Distri­bution, dispersal and extinction of Homophobia in Africa plants etc. (2) Animal Components: On a functional basis the biotic or organic components of philosophical underpinnings biospheric ecosys­tem are divided into two broad divisions e.g.: (i) Au­totrophic component (which represents plants. These have been briefly discussed above), and. (ii) Hetero­trophic component includes those animals which de­pend on autotrophic green plants (primary producers, which produce their food themselves. It may be pointed out that it is not necessary that plants always have roots, this is the reason that some bacteria also fall in the category of in Africa Essay plants because they produce their food themselves) for philosophical their food. The main functions of het­erotrophic components or animals (primary consumers) include: (i) To use organic matter made available by the autotrophic green plants, (ii) To rearrange the organic matter/elements, and. (iii) To decompose organic elements etc. Organic matters are available to animals in three forms e.g.: (i) From living plants and Homophobia Essay, animals, (ii) From partially decomposed plants and animals, and.

(iii) From organic compounds in solution form. Thus, heterotrophic animals are classified into 3 broad categories on and adonis, the basis of the availability of organic matter to them: (A) Saprophytes are those animals which live on Homophobia in Africa Essay, organic compounds in Punishment or Degradation?, solution form derived from dead plants and animals. (B) Parasites are those animals which depend on Homophobia in Africa Essay, other living organisms for their food and Essay Disenfranchisement:, life. (C) Hoiozonic animals are those who take their food through their mouths. All the big animals like elephants, cows, camels, lions etc. are included in this category. Micro-organisms are also known as decomposers because these decompose the dead plants and animals and Homophobia in Africa, other organic matter in different forms. During the process of decomposition of best command organic matter micro-organisms obtain their food as well as they differentiate and separate complex organic mat­ters and thus make them simple so that these may be again used by autotrophic primary producer green plants. A large number of microbacteria and fungi are included in the category of Homophobia Essay micro-organisms. There are three stages of the study of animals and and adonis painting, micro-organisms e.g.: (1) Identification of all animals and Homophobia, micro-organisms in philosophical underpinnings, a given region, (2) Classifica­tion of all identified animals and micro-organisms, and. (3) The study of distributional patterns, evolution and in Africa Essay, extinction of animals. It is significant to and adonis point out that animal kingdom includes a variety of animals and micro-organisms ranging from microscopic organisms to giant whales.

The number of animals and micro­organisms in the biospheric ecosystem is unlimited. Though all organisms in the biosphere could not be identified and named yet animals are classified into Homophobia in Africa Essay seven successive groups (from higher order to underpinnings lower order) on the basis of available knowledge e.g.: (i) Animal kingdom, The distribution of animals, their evolution, dispersal, extinction, rela­tionships between animals and their physical environ­ment, the in Africa Essay roles of animals in the ecosystems, relation­ships between plants and animals and their physical environment. The other properties of Essay Felon Disenfranchisement: Punishment ecosystems viz., ecosys­tem productivity, ecosystem stability and instability etc. Energy flow in the ecosystem (sources of energy, ecological produc­tion, trophic levels, food chains, ecological pyramids, flow of energy etc.) and circulation of elements in the ecosystem. Essay # 5. Habitat of Biosphere: The natural home or environment of an animal, plant or other organism. The habitat must offer food, shelter and climatic conditions which will be well suited for the organism to survive, breed and Homophobia, flourish. The habitat is a part of the total environment.

A habitat comprises of both biotic and abiotic components. For example, the habitat of a tiger must have small animals for the tiger to hunt and climate types, feed on. Homophobia In Africa. It should have thick vegetation in the form of shady trees and command and conquer, shrubs where tiger can hide and lie in wait for its prey. These components may not be available in all forests and so is the tiger. The total life-containing and life-supporting environment of the Homophobia world is restricted to a very thin and irregular veil around the globe. The total thickness of biosphere is about 21 km (10 km in air and climate types, 11 km in water from the earths surface).

The biosphere consists of three major types of habitats: (i) Aquatic Habitat, (ii) Terrestrial Habitat, and. (iii) Aerial or Arboreal Habitat. (i) Aquatic Habitat: Water forms the habitat of a very large variety of organisms, called aquatic organisms. Some well-known aquatic organisms are algae, fishes and whales.

If they live and in Africa, breed in sea water, they are called marine and if they live and climate types, breed in pond, lake, river, they are called fresh water organisms. Fresh water habitat may be lentic pertaining to still water as lakes, ponds or bogs, or it may be lotic pertaining to running water as rivers, streams, brooks, etc. (ii) Terrestrial Habitat: Organisms that live and propagate on land are called terrestrial organisms. Trees, elephants, men, tigers and so on are some of the examples of this kind. (iii) Aerial or Arboreal Habitat:

The organisms that use air (sky) for their activities are called aerial or arboreal organisms. In Africa Essay. Birds fall under this category. In addition to the above, some organisms life like frogs, crocodiles etc. use both water and land as their habitat and are called amphibious organisms. Essay # 6. Energy Flow in the Biosphere : All organisms need food as a source of system energy for growth and reproduction. On the basis of feeding habits organisms may be divided into three major groups: (i) Producer organisms:

Producer organisms are able to in Africa Essay manufacture their own food from solar energy through the process of photosynthesis. All green plants, blue-green algae and some bacteria belong to this category. (ii) Consumer organisms: Consumer organisms depend on other organism for food. Animals fall in this group. Consumers are divided into two categoriescarnivores and herbivores. Herbivores are called primary consumers as they solely depend on plants. For example, deer, horse, zebra etc. Carnivores are secondary consumers as they depend on herbivores.

For example, tiger, lion, etc. Mans food consists of both plants and animals and so they are called omnivore. Decomposers causes a substance to rot or break up in to simpler part. It help to decompose dead plants and animals. They depend only on deontological ethical system, decomposition, as their food.

For example, bacteria, fungi, earth-worms, etc., are properly balanced and self-sustained. Essay # 7. Functional Classification of Biospheric Elements : Elements of the biosphere are divided in four categories on in Africa, functional basis: (1) Abiotic (physical) ele­ments include basic elements of the habitats and dead organic compounds. (2) Producers are primarily autotrophic green plants and are intermediaries between abiotic and biotic components of the venus biosphere because they manu­facture their food through photosynthesis and derive nutri­ents from the soils through root osmosis. Herbivores and carnivores (consumers) depend for Homophobia in Africa their food on best command and conquer, producers. (3) Consumers are heterotrophic organisms which include animals and Essay, man and are further divided into primary consumers (herbivores), secondary consumers (carnivores) and omnivores.

(4) Decomposers are micro-organisms which decompose dead plants and animals. Before uploading and sharing your knowledge on Essay Felon Disenfranchisement: or Degradation?, this site, please read the following pages: