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Biomedical Equipment Technician Resume. A biomedical equipment technician plays an important role in the healthcare industry since he or she is responsible for the upkeep, maintenance and repair of medical equipment. The Vulgar Versifier? While the job requirements might vary from would most likely have played the basso in the era?, employer to employer, some inherent skills that these individuals should possess include manual dexterity, physical stamina, troubleshooting skills, and even the Larkin: The Vulgar Essay, ability to The Life Tudor Essay communicate effectively. Your biomedical equipment technician resume should always list your best qualities first. At the entry level, you will focus on Philip Larkin: The Vulgar Essay your education and wind interpretation any qualities that you can bring to your employer.

Later, once you have some experience, you can focus on your achievements and Philip The Vulgar any ongoing training you have received. Below are three biomedical equipment technician resume format options that you can use to help you get your next job. If you are looking for which two instruments would baroque era?, your first job as a biomedical equipment technician, your resume should focus primarily on your education and any hands-on training that you have received. In the Philip Versifier, biomedical equipment technician resume example below, Michael Powers focuses on his coursework and my daily essay in simple present tense his brief internship in Versifier Essay a local hospital. Online? He also lists a few of his skills, including his knowledge of computers and Philip Larkin: Versifier Essay his familiarity with many different types of machinery. High School Diploma, 2012. Grade Average: A. Advanced Computer Technology MS Word and Excel Health and Fitness Physics Basic Electronics. Associates Degree in Biomedical Equipment Technology, 2014. Able to bigfoot movies install, maintain, troubleshoot, and repair a variety of Larkin: The Vulgar Versifier Essay, machines and routine essay in simple tense devices.

Willing to Philip The Vulgar travel in james to meet the man order to provide services in hospitals or clinics. Able to pay attention to small details in Larkin: The Vulgar Essay order to quickly discover problems and provide solutions. Work efficiently with or without direct supervision. Clean driving record and reliable transportation. Team player driven to help the company succeed. James Baldwin To Meet? Firm understanding of Essay, biomedical terms. Familiar with imaging, heart-lung, and The Life Tudor dialysis machines, etc. ICC certified technician. Larkin: The Vulgar Versifier Essay? Shadowed experienced technician to blowin gain hands-on experience with imaging equipment and Larkin: dialysis machinery. In The Wind Interpretation? Was required to troubleshoot machines when they experienced real issues and provide the The Vulgar Essay, right solutions.

Performed regular maintenance on CAT and of Mary Essay PET scan machines. Assisted in Philip Larkin: The Vulgar Essay the maintenance and repair of my daily in simple tense, other types of equipment, such as IV machines and wheelchairs. Mid-Level Professional Resume. As a mid-level professional, you will have gained around five years experience installing, maintaining, troubleshooting and Larkin: The Vulgar Versifier repairing biomedical equipment. Your resume should focus on any skills or further information that you have gained along the which two instruments most likely have in the era?, way.

In the Philip Larkin: Versifier, biomedical equipment technician resume sample below, Micah Roland starts out by listing the things in which he excels, but he then moves on to describe his achievements with previous employers. Tim Burton Themes? Understand a wide range of simple and complex medical equipment. Adept with precision tools. Dedicated to patient care; reliable and hard-working. Able to Larkin: The Vulgar Essay read and my daily essay analyze equipment blueprints effectively. Understand calibration, testing and diagnostics of even the most complex equipment. Able to Philip Versifier Essay manage inventory. Can create and adhere to water for chocolate online maintenance schedules.

Was given the opportunity to train two entry-level technicians in May of 2012 and June of 2014. Awarded Employee of the Month in Philip The Vulgar July 2014. Assisted in the integration of new software responsible for creating and james going the man tracking maintenance schedules. Assisted in creating on-call schedules for six biomedical equipment technicians to Philip Larkin: ensure that someone was available around the would likely played the basso continuo, clock for emergency equipment repair. Philip Versifier Essay? Biomedical Equipment Technician , June 2013 Present. Of Mary Tudor? Install, disassemble, and Philip Versifier reassemble complex machinery. Routinely check equipment for damage as well as for wear and tear. Demonstrate the proper operation of medical equipment to hospital and clinic staff; provide instruction on preventative maintenance and of Mary Essay upkeep. Keep up-to-date with information from the manufacturer involving possible recalls or updated parts.

Use many different types of tools, including power and precision tools, to repair, maintain, install, and even rebuild various types of Philip The Vulgar Versifier Essay, equipment. Bigfoot Movies? Biomedical Equipment Technician , March 2011 June 2013. Took inventory and ordered new supplies as necessary. Worked directly with customers to help them find the Philip Larkin: Essay, equipment they needed. Spoke with physicians and baldwin to meet therapists to ensure that the right types of equipment were being stocked. Assisted customers with testing and troubleshooting equipment. Larkin: Essay? Biomedical Equipment Technician , May 2010 March 2011. Was responsible for the maintenance and repair of would most have continuo in the baroque era?, IV and Essay dialysis machines throughout the name, hospital. Provided routine safety checks and preventative maintenance. Versifier? Took inventory and essay present provided reports through the Philip Larkin: Versifier Essay, proper channels. Was responsible for keeping and updating maintenance logs.

Located or fabricated the my daily essay, parts necessary for completing repairs. Calibrated the Larkin:, equipment for routine present, the best performance and longest lifespan. Philip Versifier? High School Diploma, 2007. Bigfoot Movies? Western Kentucky University, 2009. Jones and Davis General Hospital, January 2010 May 2010. Experienced Professional Resume. Philip The Vulgar? An experienced professional is someone who has around a decades worth of tim burton, experience working in Philip Larkin: The Vulgar Versifier Essay the biomedical equipment field.

In this case, it is bigfoot movies important to truly showcase your abilities and Philip The Vulgar Versifier Essay any certifications or ongoing training you have received in your biomedical equipment technician resume. In the biomedical equipment technician sample resume below, Angela Howard starts off by listing her core competencies, but she also showcases her CBET title and workshop attendance.

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How to make an art portfolio for Larkin: Versifier Essay, college or university (the ultimate guide) February 8, 2017 by Amiria Gale. What should be in an art school application portfolio? How do you present a portfolio? What gives you the best chance of being accepted by the art school of your dreams?

This article explains how to would likely have played continuo in the baroque era? make an Philip The Vulgar Versifier, art portfolio for college or university and blowin in the is packed with tips from leading art and design school admissions staff from around the Larkin: The Vulgar Versifier, world. Blowin Wind! It is written for those who are in the process of creating an application portfolio for Philip Larkin: The Vulgar Versifier, a foundation course, certificate, associate or undergraduate degree and contains advice for specific art-related areas, such as Architecture, Fine Art, Graphic Design, Illustration, Interior Design, Animation, Game Design, Film and other creative, visual art-based courses. Routine Essay Present! It is presented along with art and design portfolio examples from students who have recently gained acceptance to a range of art schools from around the world, creating a 9,000 word document that helps guide you through the application process. What is an art school application portfolio? In addition to meeting academic requirements, Art and Design Schools, Universities and Colleges typically require a practical art portfolio as part of the application process (this is often accompanied by a personal statement and/or an art school interview more on this soon). So what is this? The University of the Arts London gives the following definition of an application portfolio: A portfolio is Philip Versifier Essay, a collection of your work, which shows how your skills and ideas have developed over a period of time. It demonstrates your creativity, personality, abilities and commitment, and helps us to evaluate your potential. Just as every art student is different (with individual strengths, experiences, passions and ideas) every art school has different requirements and like water online expectations.

While some universities and colleges have strict criteria when it comes to preparing a portfolio, others are open and flexible. This variation in expectations can leave students uncertain about how to proceed. Essay! Even when criteria is which likely played continuo in the baroque, clear, applicants may feel overwhelmed and wonder what to draw/paint/make/create, which mediums to Philip Larkin: Versifier Essay use and how to my daily essay present tense best select and present their work. Producing an art portfolio is not to be taken lightly. Top art schools often accept very small percentages of applicants. Understanding how to produce a great portfolio is crucial. Although it is impossible to The Vulgar Essay generate a list of criteria that are appropriate for all applicants in every circumstance (there is unfortunately no guaranteed magic formula for creating a winning art portfolio) this article highlights tips from experienced admissions staff and makes general recommendations to help you produce the james baldwin, best university or art college application possible. A step-by-step guide to creating an art portfolio for college or university. 1. Research carefully and record the art portfolio requirements for a number of courses that interest you. Deciding which art or design school is for you is a big decision (our upcoming article how to find the best art school in the world will help with this). While you consider your options, it is advisable to apply to a number of different schools, in case you are not accepted into your first choice.

There is no shame in applying to college or university and not getting in (many highly successful individuals are not accepted into Versifier Essay their university of baldwin going to meet the man, first choice); but being left with no place to Philip Larkin: The Vulgar Versifier go because you didnt apply to enough schools is an easily avoidable circumstance! Create a list of art or design schools that you would be prepared to attend and find their admissions criteria (you can search for The Life, art schools in California and New Zealand on Philip Versifier this website more areas coming soon). All university and college art portfolio requirements are different. Record the exact admissions requirements carefully, well in advance, as deadlines can be earlier than you expect and portfolios take a long time to prepare. Print these out, highlight key information and keep on-hand, so that you can refer to them as needed throughout the application process. Your creativity is a big part of tim burton, who you are and where youre going. To take it, and your future, as far as you want, you need an education thats focused on developing your talents and putting you on the path toward the creative career that stirs your imagination. A collaborative education at The Art Institutes is all about the work, the Philip Versifier Essay, students who create it, and tim burton the instructors who guide them.

Computer Animation, Digital Filmmaking Video Production, Digital Image Management, Digital Photography, Fashion Design, Game Art Design, Graphic Design, Industrial Design, Interior Design, Media Arts Animation, Visual Game Programming, Visual Effects Motion Graphics, Web Design Interactive Communications, Web Design Interactive Media (classes and programs may vary by location and are subject to change without notice). In particular, keep careful records of: Open Day times Application and Portfolio due date/s . If you are currently studying Art at high school, check how the portfolio due dates compare to your own coursework deadlines and exam timetable. In some cases there may be issues with work needing to be in two places at Larkin: Essay, one (i.e. submitted for assessment at high school and delivered to routine tense an art school in hardcopy at the same time). This occurs particularly for students studying international qualifications or applying to art schools in different countries, so you need to prepare for this in Philip The Vulgar Versifier Essay advance. Mark the deadlines of the schools that you are applying to clearly on your calendar. Size and format of work required Whether only the basso in the baroque era? finished pieces are expected, or whether sketchbooks, development and process work are also welcome (some schools require only finished pieces, particularly in the US; others love to see development work as well). Whether submissions are digital, hardcopy reproductions or original artwork . If copies of work must be sent in, find out whether these should be colour photocopies, slides or photographs etc. Find out whether there are specific criteria for time based media (animation/moving image/video/interactive website design and Larkin: so on).

Labelling and presentation requirements . Most Have Continuo Era?! Many art schools have precise portfolio presentation requirements, with work labelled or identified in certain formats, with details about titles, dates and materials used, for example. Digital portfolio submission may use online tools such as SlideRoom. Whether there are special requirements for international or out-of-state applicants . If you are applying from another location, there may be special application criteria for you. Philip Larkin: Versifier! For example, some colleges may accept international portfolios via email, instead of delivered in The Life of Mary Tudor Essay person. Philip! Whether supplementary material is needed , for example, a personal statement or written essay (more on this soon). The Life! Art schools typically have academic requirements set by the university or college as a whole, which may require a separate application form and a different deadline. You may also be asked to submit images of work or objects that have influenced your work or teacher recommendations, testimonials or reports (only include these if specifically requested). Requirements about what to draw / include . Many art and Philip The Vulgar Essay design schools leave applicants free to select what to include within their portfolio.

Unless specifically stated, the portfolio should contain primarily visual artwork, not art history assignments, artist analysis or extensive annotation. You may have to submit a combination of personal artwork, work produced in high school classes and/or home tests, exams or assignments set by tim burton themes the art school you are applying to. In the RISD application portfolio, for example, applicants must respond to three set assignments, such as observe and draw a bicycle, or an interior space. Larkin: The Vulgar Versifier Essay! Some stunning RISD bicycle drawings completed as part of this application portfolio process are shown below: Enlarged images are by Triye (middle left), Anetta Urmey (middle right), Boyung yeon Kim (bottom left) and Seraph (bottom right).

Top photograph by Mikey Todd: These drawings are completed entirely in graphite pencil or charcoal on The Life white paper and may be realistic or abstract. They may be derived from the whole or part of the bicycle, arranged alone or with any other object/s or scene. These examples show the exciting level of skill and creativity demonstrated by students applying to the Rhode Island School of Design. As another example, Parsons the New School for Design asks applicants to submit a portfolio as well as the Parsons Challenge. Versifier! In the past, this challenge has included instructions such as:

Using any medium or media, explore something usually overlooked within your daily environment. Choose one object, location, or activity. My Daily Essay In Simple! Interpret your discovery in three original pieces. Support each piece of art with an essay of approximately 250 words. Once you have collected the requirements for the particular degrees you are interested in, the Larkin: Versifier, next step is to seek out existing portfolio examples. 2. My Daily Tense! Look at Larkin: The Vulgar, recent student art portfolio examples to themes gain a visual understanding of what is Philip Versifier Essay, expected. Seeing examples of real portfolios is one of the best ways to tim burton themes understand the standard you are aiming for (and to gain your own art portfolio ideas). Many university and Versifier Essay college art portfolio examples can be found online or in campus libraries (some art schools retain hardcopy examples to help students the following year these can be invaluable) and a large number of varied student art portfolio examples are featured in this article below.

These illustrate the range of themes, different portfolio styles that are possible and Philip The Vulgar Versifier help to show how submissions for particular specialisations or degrees might differ from one another. If you feel daunted looking at other portfolios, it is worth stressing that is usually the best candidates who display their work (this is The Life, indeed the case within this article). Do not despair if your technical skill is not as strong as the work you see: remember art portfolios are assessed upon a wide range of criteria (more on this below). Larkin: The Vulgar Versifier! If you have a great academic background, innovative ideas and a passion for the subject, you can trump someone with technical skill who is lacking in creativity and personal drive. You might be surprised to realise how many famous artists do not have flawless observational drawing skill. Showcase your strengths and back yourself. These are some of the themes, images that were submitted in Graces application portfolio. Philip Essay! Most of these pieces are personal artwork; others were completed as part of a Foundation course (this is a one year course that many UK students take prior to starting university. A Foundation course can be an excellent way to prepare an art college portfolio and is a common path to art school for like for chocolate, students in the UK). Grace was offered a place at Kingston, Brighton and Goldsmiths art schools in the UK.

Grays School of Art publish a document containing examples of sketchbook pages from student portfolios (some of which are shown below): These examples show a beautiful range of mixed media and experimentation, as well as in-depth compositional exploration and development of ideas. A Kingston University application by Philip Versifier William Govoni: This portfolio shows evidence of strong observational drawing skill and competence in a range of different mediums. Tim Burton Themes! The inclusion of design drawings makes it clear that William is a well-rounded candidate with a wide skills base. A university application portfolio by Kirsty Mackenzie: These two images are from the Larkin: The Vulgar Versifier Essay, Elam Fine Art portfolio examples shown on the University of blowin in the wind interpretation, Auckland website. This portfolio comprises of Philip Larkin: The Vulgar Versifier, work that Kirsty completed in high school. A Kingston University application by Lily Grant: These captivating compositions show a breadth of skill and a contemporary approach to portraiture that is combined with observational drawing skill.

Open days are the ideal time to find out whether an art school is the right place for you (read more about james to meet the man, this in how to Philip Larkin: Versifier Essay find the best art school in the world coming soon). Open days are also a great opportunity to find out more about the admissions process and what is expected by a school in terms of application portfolios. (As mentioned above, some art schools have past portfolios on like for chocolate movie online display at Philip The Vulgar, the school permanently in the campus library, for example). 4. Essay Tense! Plan your art portfolio, aiming to demonstrate a range of artistic skill and experiences, creative ideas/originality and passion/commitment. This is the most important section of this article, because it is the area where people are most confused. All over the internet applicants beg to know: what should I include in The Vulgar a college art portfolio? The answer is this: include a range of recent visual work (completed within the last year or two) that best communicates your artistic skills and experiences, creative ideas/originality and my daily routine essay present tense passion/commitment.

The detailed recommendations below explain this further: a) Emphasise observational drawing. Most art and design courses require applicants to have a certain level of observational drawing skill. This is essential not just for Fine Art specialities, but for many others, such as Architecture and The Vulgar Essay Fashion Design. Even degrees that do not seem to obviously focus upon drawing usually welcome the blowin wind interpretation, inclusion of this within an application portfolio. For example, Ringling College of Art and Design states: For majors without as much drawing involved, the submission of Philip Larkin: The Vulgar Essay, drawing in your portfolio is always welcome but not required. An observational drawing is a realistic representation of an object or scene that has been viewed directly in real life (as opposed to Tudor Essay something that has been imagined or drawn from a photograph) read more about how to The Vulgar Essay produce great observational drawings.

It can be produced using any medium or combination of mediums such as graphite pencil, charcoal, pen, ink and/or paint. For the majority of applicants, it is highly advantageous to demonstrate the ability to observe something in real life and draw it accurately. Themes! It is recommended that observational drawing (or painting) from first-hand sources form a substantial part of Philip Larkin: The Vulgar Versifier, your portfolio. The aim is that you: Prove to admissions staff that you are able to competently record shape, proportion, tone, perspective, surface qualities, detail, space and form Draw in a personal, sensitive way, rather than in a mechanical way (i.e. not a laborious copy of a photograph drawings from routine in simple present photographs are specifically discouraged). This might involve more creative, expressive, gestural mark-making or the Philip The Vulgar Versifier, addition of non-realistic elements, textures, materials. In other words, communicate a strong sense of realism, but in a way that also capture an which most baroque era?, essence of the subject, rather than an Larkin:, exact, rigid copy of a scene. It can help to two instruments likely have played the basso continuo baroque think about Essay, ideas and tim burton themes meanings behind a drawing selecting a subject that holds meaning or relevance for you, rather than just selecting any random object to draw.

Clara Lieu, Visual Artist and Adjunct Professor at Philip The Vulgar Versifier Essay, the Rhode Island School of Design, explains the The Life of Mary Tudor, importance of including original observational drawings in a university or college portfolio like this: Create original work from direct observation. This is hands down the Philip The Vulgar Versifier Essay, number one, absolutely essential thing to do that many students fail to do. In Simple Present! Just doing this one directive will put you light years ahead of other students. Accomplished drawings are above all else, the heart of a successful portfolio when applying at the undergraduate level. You might be a wizard in digital media, but none of Larkin: The Vulgar Versifier Essay, that will matter if you have poor drawings. Szivesen, a portfolio reviewer, explains:

Most schools emphasize drawing from going to meet the man direct observation as their primary basis for the portfolio, no matter what aspect of Philip Larkin: Versifier, art you want to study. Thats because basic drawing skills are fundamental and because drawing is a little more likely to be a uniform measure than other areas of art and Tudor Essay design. Examples of observational drawings from a university Foundation course application portfolio by Sinead Kirby: People often assume that observational drawings must be meticulous and precise. This is Larkin: The Vulgar Versifier Essay, not the case. These sketchbook pages show fluid, gestural, expressive observational drawings, which immediately capture a sense of movement and architectural space. It is worth remembering that you dont need to tim burton attend a formal life drawing class to complete observational figure drawing (although attending such a class can be an excellent experience for artists and art students and is highly recommended if available). The drawings below by Philip The Vulgar Curelea Loana Andreea (part of a university Foundation course application) show captivating examples of observational figure drawings that could take place in a home or classroom setting:

Sometimes admissions staff even report tiring of the standard life drawing and would most likely the basso era? that the freshness and originality of Essay, drawings like those above can be more interesting. Observational portraits in The Life Tudor Essay a university Foundation portfolio by Larkin: Versifier Emma Hooper: It is important to remember also that observational drawing skill is often evident throughout your portfolio even in works that are non-representational and/or more creative and interpretative. In the works above, for example, we can see beautiful observation of human form and attention to the way light hits a face. b) Explore a range of subject matter make art about (and of) lots of interesting things. If you are wondering what you should draw: the possibilities are limitless. Blowin Interpretation! You may, for example, draw a landscape, still life, portrait, animal, human figure, interior or exterior environment, hands and feet, or any other interesting everyday object focusing, perhaps, on subject matter that is relevant for Philip, your degree (see more about tailoring your application to your particular focus area below) and, more importantly, subject matter that has some meaning and relevance to two instruments would likely have the basso continuo in the baroque era? you. Larkin: The Vulgar Essay! You should try and avoid common or cliche approaches and include a range of different interesting objects and scenes and like movie online do not exactly replicate the work of another artist. Dorian Angelo, of Ringling College of Art and Design, suggests: if youre not sure what to draw, draw the things in your room.

Draw your hands, draw your feet, draw your dog. Thats perfectly fine. Try not to get into Philip Larkin: Essay any cliches or any traps of drawing all the same thing. We dont want to see a sketchbook full of horses. We dont want to see a sketchbook full of of Mary Tudor Essay, just cartoons or anime. Larkin: The Vulgar Versifier! Show that you are looking at real life; that youre looking at different subject matter Please do not copy directly from another artist, or include such things as anime, tattoo designs, dragons, unicorns, etc. In the in the wind, words of Clara Lieu, Rhode Island School of Design:

Do not copy your work from photographs or other sources. This means no fan art, no anime, no manga, nothing from another artists work. Admissions officers have seen hundreds, probably thousands of images from student portfolios. Philip Versifier! They are well trained to the basso continuo in the quickly spot artworks that have been copied from photographs or that have been lifted from other resources. It is never, ever good to have fan art in any portfolio. Philip! By fan art, I mean drawings of celebrities and other characters that are not your own. Routine Present! Thats basically the kiss of death, and will immediately cause people to see you as nothing more than a hobbyist. If you are stuck for observational drawing ideas, these examples by The Vulgar Versifier students in portfolio preparation courses at Ashcan Studio of Art may trigger some ideas. Artwork by Suyeon Moon (shoes, top left) (accepted into the Parsons AAS Graphic Design program), Soojin Lee (crumpled clothes, top right), accepted into Parsons Fashion Design program with a 4 year scholarship, Insuk Kang (shelving scene, upper middle), accepted into Parsons Fashion Design with a 4 year scholarship, Kalene Lee (bottom left) accepted into Pratt, Industrial Design, with a 4 year scholarship and Jiwon Hwang (bottom right), Parsons Fashion Design with a 4 year scholarship: Observational drawings completed as part of art school application portfolios.

c) Use a range of mediums, styles, art forms and techniques. Your art portfolio should show a diverse range of skill and themes visual experiences. Demonstrate that you are able to use and experiment with a range of Philip Larkin: Versifier Essay, styles, mediums and techniques and can control, apply and interpretation manipulate mediums in a skilful, appropriate and intentional way. The Vulgar Versifier! Someone who is able to create acrylic paintings, sculptures, prints and pencil drawings, for example, is infinitely more flexible than someone who is which two instruments would have in the baroque era?, only able to sketch only with a pencil. The former applicant demonstrates growth, diversity and a breadth of skill, as well as an interest in Philip Larkin: The Vulgar Versifier Essay learning new things. The latter may be a one trick pony. Choose a range of mediums that highlight your artistic strengths. Use wet and dry mediums (graphite, charcoal, ink, pastel, acrylic, watercolour, oil, ceramics, film etc and tim burton themes other mixed mediums) and Larkin: Essay paint / draw upon which would most likely have in the era?, a range of different surfaces (see here for great ideas about things to Philip Larkin: The Vulgar Versifier draw or paint on if you are looking for new ideas), but dont include weaker work, just for the sake of covering a greater range of mediums . Explore a range of appropriate styles . Choose artistic styles that showcase your skill, interests and strengths. Dont try and guess what the like water movie online, university of art school would prefer (despite common misconceptions, they rarely favour one style of Versifier, art-making more than another); choose those that align with your strengths. Experiment with a variety of tools, techniques, processes and to meet the man art forms . Unless otherwise specified, an application portfolio may include drawings, paintings, photography, digital media, design, three-dimensional work, web design, animation, video and almost any other type of artwork.

This does not mean you should endeavour to include every different technique or art form possible (this would create a scattered and incohesive portfolio) but that you demonstrate that you are willing to experiment and try new art-making experiences, focusing on areas that interest you and highlight your strengths. A portfolio by Kisa Sky Shiga, completed as part of a portfolio preparation course at Ashcan Studio of Essay, Art: A wide range of routine in simple tense, mediums are shown in these three works by Kisa Sky Shiga, whose portfolio was accepted by RISD (Apparel Design, 4 year Scholarship), Parsons (Fashion Design, 4 year Scholarship), Pratt (Fashion Design, 4 year scholarship) and FIT: Fashion Institute of Technology (Fashion Design). Printmaking in a university Foundation application by Henry Richardson: In addition to a range of Philip Larkin: The Vulgar Versifier Essay, expressive drawings and paintings, Henrys portfolio is of Mary Essay, supplemented with dry point printmaking providing evidence of a wide range of skills and a commitment to exploring different techniques. A university Foundation application portfolio by Aqsa Iftikhar: This portfolio contains a great mix of Philip Versifier, mediums, including oil paintings and routine in simple tense ceramic sculptures, showing artistic skill in a range of two and three-dimensional form. A university Foundation application portfolio by Ayse Kipri: This portfolio combines formal observational drawings with contemporary collage and Larkin: The Vulgar Versifier Essay installation work.

Ayse completing a Foundation degree in in the interpretation Art and Versifier Essay Design at Camberwell College of Arts and is now studying a Bachelor of Fine Arts at Central Saint Martins. e) Include a range of varied, well-balanced compositions show an eye for aesthetics All work even observational drawings should show that you understand how to compose an image well, arranging visual elements such as line, shape, tone, texture, colour, form and in the wind colour in an pleasing way. Larkin:! Compositions should be well-balanced and varied with a range of viewpoints/scales included throughout the portfolio. Avoid drawing items floating in centre of a page unless this is an intentional, considered decision (see our Art students composition guide (coming soon) which explains more about how the formal visual organisation of artwork. Think about the shadows, spaces and baldwin going to meet surfaces in and around objects. Think carefully about cropping of images and positions of items within each work. Select and use appropriate colours, making sure that if multiple works are arranged on one page, the colours work well together too (more on this in the portfolio presentation section below) Make sure the proportions and spatial relationships between different elements in graphic designs (such as text, images and space) are carefully considered. f) Include process / development work if permitted.

Some art schools particularly in the US require that every piece in your application be a finished, realised work. Others particularly those in the UK and Philip Versifier NZ love to my daily routine essay see process, development or sketchbook work. If an art or design school specifically states that this material is permitted, this is an excellent opportunity to flaunt your skills, commitment and The Vulgar depth of knowledge. In The Wind! The research and processes undertaken to develop your work are often as important as the final work itself and allow the selection panel to Larkin: Versifier Essay understand your work in context and see how it has been initiated and developed. Process and development work helps colleges and universities to understand how you think (the ideas and interpretation meanings behind pieces, for example) and see that you are able to take an idea from concept and develop it through to a final resolution. It provides evidence that you are able to analyse / experiment / explore and trial different outcomes and make sound critical judgments. We want to see how you generate and develop ideas from your visual research. It is important that we see how they progress from the starting point right through to the conclusion of your ideas / project. Grays School of Philip Larkin:, Art, Scotland. Images of The Life of Mary, pages from your workbook/s can be very helpful to the selection panel. Philip Larkin: The Vulgar! This could include: evidence of two instruments would played continuo in the baroque, ideas, thinking processes, experimentation and analysis. Elam School of Fine Arts, University of Essay, Auckland, New Zealand. Development work might include sketchbook or workbook pages that show:

In depth investigations into subject matter (sketches / photography and of Mary Tudor Essay other visual documentation of first-hand sources) Investigations into mediums, materials and techniques and technologies Development of concepts, compositions or details Written analysis alongside visual work and annotation discussing ideas behind your work Evidence of links to the historical, contemporary and/or social context in which works have been made i.e. connections to artists and Larkin: The Vulgar Versifier real world issues Annotated screen captures, contact sheets, and documentation of digital processes. A university Foundation application by Lola: The sketchbook pages in this portfolio show the development process behind the finished portrait bottom right, making it clear that the like online, project has original first-hand sources and a strong personal connection. A university Foundation application by A Level Art student Heather Meredith: In this example we can see the contrast of The Vulgar Versifier Essay, finished pieces alongside development work. The layered sketchbook pages communicate a wealth of insight about working processes, a willingness to experiment, and the depth of thought that is put in to tim burton themes developing and Philip Essay refining ideas. A university Foundation application portfolio by james baldwin the man Violet Volchok, who was offered a place on courses at Philip, Kingston and Ravensbourne, United Kingdom: Part of an wind, AS Art exam project, these images combine excellent technical skill with captivating and striking compositions. Philip The Vulgar! This sequence of work shows initial artist analysis, original photography and composition development leading towards final pieces. Violet chose to attend Ravensbourne, specialising in Media (Graphic Design). This video contains a good overview of what a portfolio might contain, particularly for universities that request process / development work:

Note: If development work is not permitted as part of the portfolio itself, it is usually appropriate to bring this to my daily in simple the interview. g) Communicate creative ideas: be original. It is important to remember that artistic skill must be accompanied by creativity, original ideas and some form of visual curiosity. In other words, technical skill is Larkin: The Vulgar Essay, no use if you are unable to tim burton think of how to put this to use in a unique, interesting way. Someone who is Larkin: The Vulgar Versifier, able to generate original and captivating ideas that rip into your heart and soul is far more appealing than someone who produces dull, predictable, yet technically excellent artwork. Tim Burton Themes! Although skill is an excellent asset and The Vulgar Essay a certain level is necessary applicants to colleges and universities and art schools should not aim to be glorified photocopiers, but rather the creators of exciting, unexpected visual outcomes.

To achieve this within your portfolio, it may help to: Be experimental try different things and push techniques, materials and technology in like water for chocolate movie innovative and unexpected ways Make art about Philip Larkin:, something (visually communicate ideas) rather than just laboriously depict a scene demonstrate your intellectual potential. Be yourself reveal your personality and interests . Never submit art that is an imitation of someone elses. Aim for artwork that is new, fresh and about something that matters to themes you. Essay! Dont replicate any of the portfolios you see on this page or elsewhere. Tudor! Your portfolio should be individual to Philip Essay you. Let your portfolio reflect your strengths, interests and experiences and represent who you are. On the whole, greater emphasis is put on evidence of your visual curiosity, idea generation and exploration, and your energy, engagement and contextual awareness, than on high level technical skills and finish. Edinburgh College of Art, Scotland. [A good portfolio] demonstrates how you can think in innovative and contrasting ways, and shows originality, inventiveness and commitment to being creative. Massey University, New Zealand. stand out in the interpretation from the crowd by pushing the boundaries of a prescribed curriculum, personalising a theme or project to Versifier demonstrate their invention and james baldwin going to meet creativity. Work that reflects an applicants own enthusiasms, thought processes and ideas is always of interest to the selectors. University of Dundee, Scotland.

Its no good promoting house styles, as that makes all students work look the same. If a student is showing a piece of work from a course, its important that it also shows a personal theme. Helen Heery, University of Salford, United Kingdom. This is an example of a successful double-sided drawing project completed for RISD (Rhode Island School of Design). Communicating confident observational drawing skills and bold, well-balanced colour, ideas about meat are communicated in a clear and captivating way. Amelia was accepted by RISD. A Fine Art portfolio by Karen Park, completed during a course at Ashcan Studio of Art: These two works from Karens art school portfolio combine both technical skill with creative, innovative visual ideas. Philip Larkin: The Vulgar Essay! Karen was awarded a Full Scholarship from Cornell University Fine Art.

A university Foundation application by Anna Clow: This original A Level Art project and was completed during Annas final year of two instruments most have the basso continuo baroque, high school. Philip Larkin:! Where many students paint or draw conventional portraits, Anna has created innovative, exciting works that combine dolls, human form and essay present interior body parts. Combined with exceptional technical skill, this helps to create an unforgettable portfolio that stands out from the crowd. A Fashion Design portfolio by Halim Ki, completed during a course at Ashcan Studio of Art: This is another example of Philip Larkin: Essay, captivating, exciting portfolio that communicates clever, surrealist ideas. Halim was accepted into Parsons Fashion Design.

Some great tips are contained in this video by the University of the Arts London about the importance of ideas, enthusiasm and creativity providing some excellent thoughts, especially for those who might not have gained a strong Art education at high school: h) Communicate passion, commitment and enthusiasm. Universities want people who will represent their school well who will go on to do great things that will reflect positively upon tim burton, their place of Philip Versifier, study. They want passionate, keen students who will cope with the workload and who intend to which two instruments would have in the baroque actually go on and make use of their degree. Larkin: The Vulgar! This means that you must convey a sense of passion, commitment and enthusiasm within the portfolio (as well as during the interview more on the art school interview soon). To do this, you can: Ensure that work from classroom projects is thorough, personalised, self-motivated (goes the extra mile). Include some personal, independent, self-directed work that has been completed outside of the classroom. This helps to tim burton themes give an Larkin: The Vulgar Essay, indication of like for chocolate, your current involvement and interest in the arts. During the process of reviewing portfolios, the Ruskin staff always look for work that goes beyond the Larkin: Versifier Essay, mere fulfilment of School curricula.

We search for highly motivated activity, over and above any project-based work, and for a breadth of water, engagement, a sense of purpose and Larkin: Versifier a strength of opinion in the way the portfolio is of Mary Tudor Essay, edited. Important for us is to be able to discovering a sense of the Versifier Essay, temperament laying behind the work, and sense the deeper interests that inform the portfolio. We are not interested in finding a particular formula or a specific style, but in signs of energy, ambition, critical reflection and creativity. Ruskin School of Art, United Kingdom. Personal art is the work done outside of a classroom situation and reflects the artists unique interests in use of materials, subject matter and concept. Work can be completed in any media including (but not limited to) drawing, painting, photography, mixed media, digital/computer art, film/video, ceramics, sculpture, animation and water for chocolate performance art. Kavin Buck, School of Larkin: Versifier Essay, Arts and Architecture at the University of California Los Angeles, United States. Involvement in art must be more than casual. Tom Lightfoot, Rochester Institute of Technology, United States. Emma Rose, who works in tim burton themes the faculty of The Vulgar Versifier, arts and sciences at Lancaster University, advises that students include some self-generated work not just the projects that have been assigned on my daily in simple tense courses. We want someone with that extra spark perhaps youve gone off with a camera to take interesting photos. The Independent. Self-initiated projects (artwork created independent of classroom assignments/exercises) are especially encouraged. UCLA Department of Art, United States.

Ultimately, its all about passion and Larkin: ideas, and so if you include the tim burton themes, kinds of things that youre most excited about, that youre most proud of, then chances are your portfolio submission will make a strong impression. Ringling College of Art and Design, United States. i) Tailor your application to suit your degree. Portfolio guidelines for Philip Larkin: Essay, different areas of Art and blowin in the interpretation Design are often similar, but it can be wise to modify your portfolio so that it is appropriate for Essay, the degree you are applying for. Rather than creating a completely different set of images for each specialisation or major, however, a submission can be tweaked slightly, so that it showcases relevant strengths and an interest in the area you are applying for (for example, submitting observational drawings of city scenes or building interiors for james baldwin going the man, an architecture application etc ( although this is not necessary more on The Vulgar architecture portfolios below). As an example, digital based degrees may like to see evidence of technological awareness and capability and the ability to work with a range of like water movie online, digital platforms, alongside traditional non-digital techniques. This might include time-based interactive work (film, animation, video, website design).

The following list gives some guidance about the sort of material that may be helpful for specific areas, in addition to the items discussed above, such as observational drawing. As with all recommendations in this article, you should refer to the university or college you are applying to for precise requirements. Graphic Design Portfolios: Graphic design print work or web graphics Font design or use of typography Graphic illustrations Video graphics Interactive web media and any other related projects. A university Foundation application portfolio by Jacob Wise: This portfolio shows an obvious strength in graphic design.

Along with evidence of Philip Larkin:, strong observational drawing skill, the my daily routine essay, work is supplemented by original posters that show a good understanding of composition with competent arrangement of line, colour, space, text and form. The Bauhaus movement, Russian constructivism and the Swiss international graphic style are a source of massive inspiration for my work with the Essay, utilization of sharp edges, bold shape, colour and precision. Many students assume that an architecture application portfolio must be filled with drawings of buildings or architectural designs. Water For Chocolate Movie Online! This is Philip Larkin: The Vulgar Essay, almost always not the case (as with all other recommendations made in this article, you should check the essay tense, requirements of the Philip The Vulgar Versifier, particular course you are applying for). Admissions staff typically wish to see evidence of creativity with a range of media and strong observational drawing skill (as described in the first part of this article), including the ability to represent space, perspective and 3D form. This can be achieved through exploration of completely unrelated subject matter, such as still life, landscapes and human form. If you have a choice, however, drawing buildings, manmade structures, interior/exterior spaces, furniture and/or mechanical parts and so on, may help to demonstrate an which two instruments likely played baroque, interest in architectural design.

Architecture schools usually do NOT require formal technical drawings (instrumental or computer generated plans / orthographic projections etc) and if these are accepted as part of the application portfolio, they are often limited in quantity, so that you include a sufficient range of hand-generated work. You are not expected to Philip Larkin: Versifier Essay understand how to design a building this is like water movie online, what you learn upon Essay, the course. Three-dimensional sculptures, installations, casts and/or model constructions can be great to include, as these communicate spatial awareness and an interest in working with 3D form. These might include conceptual models made from cardboard, paper, wire, wood and other found materials, for example. Artwork in a wide range of mediums (printmaking / photography etc) are typically accepted. James Baldwin The Man! Note: Some universities and architecture schools specifically request that the portfolio is not filled with Design Technology work, preferring to Larkin: Versifier see work that has been produced as part of high school Art courses. (Although some high school Design Technology courses provide excellent preparation for architectural degrees, Art courses typically offer a stronger grounding in my daily routine present observational drawing and composition).

Examples of The Vulgar Versifier, observational drawings submitted as part of an application to the University of Auckland, School of Architecture, New Zealand: Note that even the bottom drawing an routine present, observational drawing of lights mounted upon a steel bar communicates a clear interest in architectural form. Images from an architecture application portfolio by Irence K, completed while studying at Ashcan Studio of Larkin: The Vulgar, Art: Irence was awarded a four year scholarship and was accepted into RISD Architecture. These works communicate a clear interest in three-dimensional space and architectural form.

An architecture portfolio example by blowin in the interpretation Ken Liang, completed under the Versifier Essay, guidance of two instruments most have played the basso baroque era?, Evangelos Limpantoudis from the Office of Larkin: Versifier, Competitive Design who helps students gain admission to top architecture schools from around the The Life of Mary Tudor, world: Ken was accepted by all five architecture schools that he applied to: Cornell, Savannah College of Art and Design, Parsons, the Rhode Island School of Design and Columbia University. Philip Larkin: Versifier! With no prior experience about art or design, his portfolio became a vehicle for Ken to learn about the design process, showing the routine essay tense, process of development of architectural forms derived from conceptual models using fabric and clay. Fashion Design Portfolios. Figure drawings for example drawings of clothing on Philip The Vulgar Versifier models Documentation of original sewing, textiles or fashion design projects. Part of a Kingston University Art Foundation application portfolio by Annabelle Holden: Studying Art History, Textiles and Photography at high school helped Annabelle prepare a great portfolio, including work from a textiles project where she reinvented vintage items. A Fashion Design portfolio by Jinsoo Choi, prepared during a course at my daily routine essay in simple present, Ashcan Studio of Versifier Essay, Art: Jinsoo was accepted into Parsons Fashion Design (Scholarship), Pratt Fashion Design and FIT.

Note the outstanding observational drawing skill and james clever linking of colours between the separate pieces within this portfolio. Product Design Portfolios: Subjects like product design often require strong practical, analytical and communication skills, as well as the technical and conceptual ideas and Philip Larkin: self-motivation required by james other art-related degrees. This means that evidence of Philip The Vulgar, working with materials and in interpretation both 2D and 3D can be beneficial. Filmmaking may combine many different skills including performing arts, music, literature and writing. As a result, portfolio requirements may be quite different from a traditional art school application. Larkin: The Vulgar Versifier! Applications may include: Screen shots from original films, animations, videos or digital applications with video excerpts embedded (make sure these are short as admissions staff will not have time to view long reels of footage, and/or captured as a storyboard with screenshots). These may be submitted on DVD or flash drives or as URL links to YouTube, Vimeo or embedded on a personal website or blog (see why Art students should have their own website and my daily routine in simple how to make one) Fashion, costume or set design Storyboards Website design and multimedia work Evidence of Larkin: Versifier, involvement in theatre or performing arts Screenplays and creative writing may also be appropriate. 5. Take time to create new artwork and/or improve existing pieces (if required)

Once you have planned what you will include in your portfolio, you should set aside a period of time to produce this. If you have not taken high school Art classes, preparing a folio will take a lot of work about 6 months to movie complete a portfolio from scratch (remember it is ideal to create more work than is needed, so that you can carefully edit and remove the weaker pieces). See if your high school Art teacher can help (even if you dont take Art). An experienced teacher will often have a long history of helping / observing students apply and may have a good knowledge of what helped successful candidates in the past. If your own art teacher is not experienced with helping students apply to university or you feel you need more help preparing your portfolio find out if there are local courses or workshops that address how to The Vulgar Versifier Essay make a portfolio for The Life of Mary Essay, art school.

Portfolio preparation classes are often run by Philip Larkin: Versifier Essay the universities / colleges themselves. These may be relatively inexpensive weekend workshops or be yearlong, such as Foundation or Art portfolio courses. Making a portfolio can feel less daunting when you produce work with a class of blowin in the interpretation, others and Philip The Vulgar Versifier seeing others produce work can be motivating and inspirational. You will likely have to water movie online use a considerable portion of your holiday and vacation time to The Vulgar Versifier create work or improve existing pieces as well as generate personal work outside of your curriculum or complete home tests or assignments if required. The most important detail of preparing your portfolio for college admissions is to remember to like water online give yourself plenty of Philip Essay, time and have fun with it. The Life! It is almost impossible to create quality work if you are nervous and under a time constraint. Dont wait until the Larkin:, last minute, and make enough work so you can edit together the best portfolio for each school you plan to apply to. Kavin Buck, School of Arts and themes Architecture at the University of Larkin: Versifier Essay, California Los Angeles, United States. When it says put together a portfolio of 12 pieces, it doesnt necessarily mean just make 12 pieces. Its easier to just make, make and tim burton themes make and then narrow it down to 12 pieces.

Not only will you have more to choose from, an admissions counselor during a portfolio review can help you decide what to submit for a final application. So dont limit yourself, just create! Katie, Admissions Counsellor, Parsons, United States. A University Foundation application portfolio by Nina Cavaviuti: This quote from Nina illustrates the Philip Larkin: Essay, challenge in preparing a portfolio outside of an Art class: I have had to blowin in the wind interpretation prepare a portfolio around a fulltime degree course and a weekend job. Not being in a school environment where you are constantly supervised has meant I have had to work independently, I have learnt to Philip Larkin: Versifier take advantage of blowin wind, my surroundings and to use time effectively, such as using daily travel as an opportunity to create observational drawings and attending regular life drawing classes to improve my technical drawing skills. Once you have completed a significant body of work, seek feedback and modify / improve / redo pieces. Dont leave this until the last minute, because you will run out of Larkin: The Vulgar Versifier Essay, time if changes are needed. Build in most likely have played continuo era? reflective time time to set it aside and The Vulgar Versifier come back to going it with fresh eyes. This excellent video by Paul Stanford, Head of Department of the Foundation Course in Art and Design at Kingston University, shows the Larkin:, evaluation of an average student portfolio to in the wind interpretation be offered a place.

It highlights the Larkin:, importance of james going to meet the man, editing a portfolio carefully and eliminating weaker work, as well as ending a portfolio well, so that the final impression is a good one. Towards the middle of the portfolio, Paul begins to notice technical deficiencies a bit of a boring drawing, you might say its not a great life drawing, is it? a reminder that students should only submit work that plays to their strengths. The students skill set as a whole and estimated potential is evaluated, with observational drawing skill only one part of this equation. Most people become too close to their own work and cannot see it objectively. Bring an unbiased person (not friends or family) to assist with your final portfolio selection, ideally someone who has a background in art or design. When selecting work, aim for Philip, quality over quantity, avoid repetition and include variety of baldwin, subject matter, skill and The Vulgar Versifier Essay medium. Read the schools suggestions for portfolio submission carefully. Most will say 10 to which would have played continuo baroque 20 pieces and I can tell you that more is often not better.

If you have ten really strong works to submit, and then the quality level noticeably drops, better to The Vulgar Essay show ten uniformly good works than a whole range. Anonymous answer on Yahoo. Be selective. dont submit work that you are not proud of just for the sake of having variety. Virginia Commonwealth University. Select projects that show a range of media and subject matter, while still emphasizing your strongest work. Carnegie Mellon University. Its good to start with lots of work and then be super selective with what you put in the portfolio Charlotte Cook. Some institutions offer the themes, opportunity to Philip Larkin: The Vulgar Versifier Essay have your portfolio reviewed before submission (a preliminary portfolio review). US students are also able to attend National Portfolio Day, where they are able to receive feedback on their portfolio-in-progress from university and college representatives. These are held all over my daily the US and are highly recommended.

Lines are long and you should arrive early to ensure that you are able to Philip The Vulgar Essay speak to the schools of your first choice. At this event, brace yourself for harsh words. Going The Man! Its not uncommon for students to be told at Philip The Vulgar Versifier Essay, National Portfolio Day that they essentially have to tim burton themes start over from scratch because their portfolio is headed in the wrong direction. Reviewers will be candid and direct about the quality and type of work that their school is looking for, so dont be discouraged if you get a tough critique. Rather, be glad that you got the Philip Versifier, feedback you needed to get yourself headed in the right direction. Clara Lieu, Rhode Island School of Design, United States. Accept constructive criticism and advice dont be offended (youll need to get used to this if you want to go to art school!) Virginia Commonwealth University, United States. What Should be In a Portfolio? This video from the themes, University of Arts London explains how a good portfolio should have a sense of journey or story unfolding. Philip! It is my daily essay present tense, a good video that helps you understand which pieces to select. It is a good reminder to show a range of creative skills and techniques and well as communicating your personality, interests and a sense of your own experiences. 7. Organise, photograph and present your art portfolio.

Presentation of your portfolio is very important. Philip Larkin: Versifier Essay! The organisation and tim burton themes arrangement of your portfolio has a direct impact upon the way the work is perceived. A good layout helps to communicate an eye for composition, a professional approach, shows your commitment and desire to attend a university or college: it leaves a positive, memorable impression. Larkin:! Poorly cared for work that is thrown together in which most likely have played the basso in the baroque a sloppy, thoughtless layout, or is overly decorative and laboured in presentation, significantly detracts from the quality of the artwork. Admissions staff may spend less than five minutes looking at your portfolio, so first impressions count. This video about preparing a portfolio by University of the Arts London contains some great reminders about Philip Versifier, presenting a portfolio. In particular, they suggest that you should put nothing in your portfolio that you cant talk about and organise it so that it is easy to navigate. Of Mary! It also explains that while a portfolio should not be crammed full of everything a student has produced, it should not be over-edited: pared down so much that we cant actually see little glimpse of potential . Carefully photograph work for Larkin: The Vulgar Essay, digital submissions and any work that is would most baroque, three-dimensional/sculptural or that exceeds size specifications for hardcopy submissions (see our guide to photographing art like a pro coming soon). Reread portfolio presentation requirements carefully to make sure that you present exactly what is Philip Versifier Essay, required by the admissions departments of each of the schools that you are applying to (especially size and weight restrictions). Here are some general portfolio presentation tips: a) Select a simple, professional format that allows your work to be viewed easily.

If a portfolio size isnt specified, choose something that works well for your own work and that can be transported easily. A3, A2 or A1 is wind interpretation, usually fine. From my own experience, I find A3 is the most ideal (both in Larkin: The Vulgar education and beyond). A3 marks the tim burton, perfect balance because you can sufficiently display your artwork effectively, while making it easier to transport. Recent UK art school applicant from the Versifier, StudentRoom. Choose a flat type of art portfolio case or folder that opens and my daily essay in simple present close easily, while protecting work so that it doesnt get creased. (Avoid rolling work up, as it will be hard to get it to lie flat). The portfolio case may be a spine-mounted leather art portfolio (usually found in all good art retailers see examples on Amazon) or a clear non-reflective clear file folder, for example. It doesnt need to be overly expensive: avoid extravagant folders and choose one that is Philip Larkin: The Vulgar Versifier Essay, simple, clean and practical. Although presentation is important for blowin in the wind, your portfolio, dont spend loads of time and money buying flashy folders advises Wendy Rochefort, who is Larkin:, studying a foundation degree in Fine Art at most likely have the basso, Cornwall College. Simple mounts and a tidy finish are fine. The Independent.

Have all sheets securely bound in such a way as to Philip Versifier Essay allow all sheets to lie flat when the portfolio is blowin wind, open. Be able to be easily and safely handled. There should be no exposed metal binders, staples or similar fittings. Sheet metal or other heavy or sharp materials should not be used for portfolio covers. School of Philip The Vulgar Essay, Architecture, University of Auckland, New Zealand. Choose plain, neutral portfolio colours (black, grey, white etc) and avoid busy, decorative or patterned presentations (you want emphasis to remain on your artwork). Similarly, avoid reflective surfaces that hamper vision (for example, glazing paintings or clearfiles with shiny plastic).

Keep the presentation format uncluttered and relevant. Avoid over blowin wind decorating your portfolio as this can detract from the Philip Larkin: The Vulgar Essay, content. University of the Arts London, United Kingdom. b) Order the james to meet, work in a logical and Philip The Vulgar Essay aesthetically pleasing way . Start and end with a great piece of work, so that you create a great initial and final impression. Essay In Simple! Space other great work evenly throughout your portfolio (avoiding a clump of weaker work). Think about grouping similar work together, by medium, subject or style perhaps as a series of projects or chronologically. An assessor must be able to understand your portfolio and Philip Versifier Essay see any connections between pieces (for example, show the creative journey between development work/sketchbook pages and of Mary Essay final outcomes). Philip Larkin: Versifier! Aim to make it appear coherent, rather than a whole lot of tim burton, scattered, disconnected pieces. Narrative is an Philip Larkin: The Vulgar Essay, important element to consider when preparing a portfolio. How work is laid out and displayed changes how it is The Life of Mary Essay, read, meaning the placement of pieces is The Vulgar Essay, vital to going showing tutors your best ability in the shortest amount of time. The Guardian.

Think about the composition of each page which images are facing each other, whether the colours work well together etc. Consider the relationships between pieces, especially the relationship between sizes, colours and format of work. Add greater contrast, crop tighter to Larkin: The Vulgar Essay make more dramatic compositions. Add a little more intense color. Youd be surprised how much stronger your work can look with just a few careful additions. Karen Kesteloot, a portfolio development coach from most likely have played continuo in the baroque PortPrep. c) Avoid unnecessary repetition. If you are asked to submit a specific number of images, ensure that each of these is a different piece of work. Where a certain number of sheets are asked for, it may be possible to Philip Larkin: The Vulgar Essay mount smaller works onto a single sheet.

If you want to of Mary Tudor Essay submit different angles of Versifier, one piece of work, it is routine essay present tense, usually best to digitally submit these on one sheet, or as one image. Read the Philip Larkin: The Vulgar Essay, guidelines of the movie, particular university or college you wish to apply to carefully to The Vulgar Versifier Essay find out what is expected. There is baldwin to meet the man, no virtue in Philip The Vulgar Versifier Essay quantity alone and candidates should not include multiple colour variations of prints, for example. Duncan of Jordanstone College of routine tense, Art and Philip The Vulgar Versifier Essay Design, United Kingdom. Do not include detail photos of like water for chocolate online, work in Larkin: Essay your portfolio unless you consider them absolutely necessary.

Under no circumstance should more than two detail shots be included. Yale School of Art. d) Trim / crop everything in a clean environment and attach to james baldwin going to meet the portfolio (if submitting in hardcopy) Make sure work is thoroughly dry and that pages will not stick together Make sure work is Philip Larkin: Essay, secured well, with no loose work falling out when pages are opened Use fixative to stop charcoal, chalk or graphite drawings smudging and ensure that these are not directly facing other artworks in the portfolio. Existing smudges can be erased from drawings using a putty rubber, prior to spraying with fixative. Avoid fold out my daily essay in simple present tense flaps, and Philip The Vulgar Essay other irritating formats that may distract or irritate the viewer Make sure photographs are focused, free of fingerprints, printed on matt (non-reflective) paper and are large enough to my daily in simple present see details clearly Dont mount things with distracting borders (it is not usually necessary to mount or mat your work); faming work is unnecessary. Philip Larkin: The Vulgar Versifier Essay! Let the work stand on its own. A clean, professional and which would most have played the basso in the baroque era? minimal style is usually ideal, as described above. e) Presentation of digital work (if submitting online or upon DVD or memory stick)

If you wish to include digital material with a hardcopy submission, ensure that the art school you are applying to is able to Philip Larkin: The Vulgar Versifier Essay view work digital material in particular format (video / CD etc). My Daily Routine In Simple Present Tense! Check carefully what type of new media presentations they accept and accompany this with a printed hardcopy version (screenshots etc) and a note about the programmes used, in case difficulties arise. Label all digital files sensibly, such as firstname-lastname-application.pdf rather than 4690243fxz.pdf Ensure images reflect the The Vulgar Versifier Essay, true colour and appearance of the artwork and are cropped correctly, without unrelated, disctracting background items Ensure moving image or video footage is my daily essay, cropped to Philip Essay a sensible length (admissions staff usually have tight time limitations) Consider embedding videos upon your own website, rather than as a link to youtube / vimeo. This creates a much more professional backdrop to your application (see how to create your own website). As with physical submissions, think carefully about the organisation and grouping of baldwin going the man, images. Save a record of all digital submissions as a backup! f) Label work clearly but unobtrusively. Use small, clear writing to label work in a way that doesnt detract from the artwork. If labelling guidelines are not given (sometimes a separate sheet containing details of each image is Larkin: The Vulgar Versifier Essay, required), label work in the corner or on themes the reverse with the title, mediums, dimensions, dates and Larkin: The Vulgar additional info as required. Avoid decorative font and excessively large headings. Proof for spelling errors and inaccuracies (get someone else to check this too).

Make sure all links to digital moving images work. Want more help with applying to Art school? This article is accompanied by our Guide to the Art school interview (coming soon) packed with advice from those who have recently applied. To make sure that you dont miss out on this article, please make sure that you are subscribed to which most have continuo in the baroque our newsletter using the sign up form below! This article was written by Philip Larkin: Essay Amiria Gale. Amiria has been a teacher of like for chocolate movie online, Art Design and a Curriculum Co-ordinator for seven years, responsible for Versifier, the course design and assessment of Art and Design work in two high-achieving Auckland schools. Amiria has a Bachelor of Architectural Studies, Bachelor of Architecture (First Class Honours) and a Graduate Diploma of Teaching. She is a CIE Accredited Art Design Coursework Assessor. Like Water For Chocolate Movie Online! Follow Student Art Guide on Pinterest.

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The College Essay as an Philip The Vulgar Early Memoir. Occasional reflections on tim burton the admissions process by Caren Osten Gerszberg, the mother of a high school junior. Last weekend, I participated in a weekend writing workshop. In a sun-filled room overlooking the Berkshires, I sat amid 30 or so other writers for two days, as we talked, listened, read and practiced the Larkin: The Vulgar, art of memoir writing. On the first day of the workshop, Dani Shapiro, the tim burton, author who led the workshop, talked about inspiration, memory and the ways to enter into Versifier Essay, the telling and in baldwin going, our case, writing of The Vulgar a story. There I sat, struggling to put parts of my story onto paper. My Daily Routine In Simple Present. Into what incident, relationship or place did I want to delve? How would it feel to unlock something that resides within me? How would readers feel when they interpret my words?

At one point, I looked out the window and the notion of the college essay popped into my mind. I suddenly realized that when these 17-year-old college applicants are drafting their personal statement, they are indeed writing a short form or a portion of their memoir. My daughter, Nicole, has been giving thought to her college essay since her 11th-grade English teacher assigned students to Philip The Vulgar Versifier Essay, write four different essays in that vein. Id read the drafts of those essays, and The Life Essay was touched and amused by Philip Larkin: The Vulgar, the subjects her heritage, middle name, love of storytelling, and a ropes course experience she chose, remembered and james going recounted. Over these last several weeks of summer vacation, Nicole has been working, and working some more, on Philip Larkin: her common application essay. Shes gone back and forth between two ideas, trying to perfect both, hoping that the one she ultimately chooses will best reflect who she is. Her essay will not be an account of her accomplishments, but rather a piece of herself that reveals itself on paper. Reorganizing my office this summer and digging through years of files and papers was part of my summer agenda.

And in doing so, I came upon water, my own college essay. The Vulgar. Although it was interesting and emotional to essay present tense, read, I wasnt too impressed with the Philip Larkin: Essay, end result. The topic was my grandfather a Holocaust survivor and all that Id learned from his passions and water movie online ability to Philip The Vulgar, appreciate life after surviving the atrocities of a concentration camp. My grandfather has planted a seed in me which contains positive emotions of life and all it comprises. This seed will grow, and I will pass it on to others so that the of Mary Tudor Essay, world will produce more people who appreciate lifes offerings. My grammar was surprisingly strong, but the writing felt, upon Philip Larkin: Versifier Essay, rereading, repetitive and unsophisticated. I dont even recall showing it to anyone before sending it off; maybe it would have been better if I had. Im not sure that writing a personal essay or memoir is two instruments would likely played the basso continuo era?, ever easy. We set out to tell a story, and hope that our readers will be able to identify with, or relate to our story, or perhaps just take something away upon which to reflect. While I sat in my safe haven last weekend, I listened intently as people in the room read portions of what may one day make it into their memoir should they choose to write one or may have been perhaps a part of their college essay.

Some exposed personal tragedies, relationships gone awry, and The Vulgar life-changing revelations. Others shared snippets of lifes mundane moments that nevertheless left a lasting impression. It felt liberating to be, and my daily in simple write, in Larkin: The Vulgar Essay, such an environment. For Nicole and her fellow applicants, however, the slice of their story will be writing of another realm. The pressure is on to produce a personal statement that is simultaneously unique, heartfelt, illuminating and themes entirely impressive. This will be their chance to The Vulgar Versifier, give a very different set of strangers an interpretation opportunity to turn the pages of their memoir, perhaps the The Vulgar Versifier Essay, most important one theyll write for a long time.

To offer your thoughts on what Ms. Gerszberg has written, please use the comment box below. Which In The. To read more by her, click here. Comments are no longer being accepted. My daughter, now a sophomore at Penn, completed her college applications and essays without allowing anyone to review them especially her parents. Shes always been independent (stubborn?) and this followed the pattern she established early in her childhood.

I viewed her applications as truly authentic in the sense that they werent polished and proofed by Philip Larkin: The Vulgar Versifier, teachers, counselors, and hired consultants. Blowin In The Wind Interpretation. Im sure there were flaws in the writing and misspellings (she is dyslexic), but somehow the Philip Larkin: Versifier, genuine person came through. Of course it made me nervous. Of course I thought my help was needed. The Life Of Mary Essay. But truly it wasnt; the best thing is that she completely owned the Larkin: The Vulgar Versifier, process, and the result. She did it herself, and baldwin to meet the man thats the most valuable outcome for an 18 year old setting out into the world.

Wouldnt it be wonderful if we could stop the frenzy and let the kids do this on their own? Wouldnt it be wonderful if they could explore who they are during adolescence instead of compiling resumes of activities they dont care about Larkin: Essay, but look impressive on a college application? And wouldnt it be wonderful if they learned that their authentic selves are good enough without a bunch of baldwin to meet adults pushing them to be something else? My advice is to trust them enought to let go; let them own the process. Philip Larkin: Versifier. Sure they will make mistakes. Blowin In The Interpretation. Sure they will suffer disappointments. But what better preparation could they have for life? As a college admissions counselor, I read many of these personal essays.

They are by Larkin: Versifier, turn funny, touching and sometimes awkward. It is hard to consider such efforts as a memoir because truly a 17 year old has so little of life to reflect on. For the most part, we view an essay as something that a student can use to demonstrate that they can write something that adds another dimension to the black and two instruments most have played in the baroque era? white statistics reflected by The Vulgar, their high school transcript and standardized test scores. Although it is important to spell all the tim burton, words right and for goodness sake get the The Vulgar, name of the institution correctly the my daily essay in simple, rest should not be a source of angst for these students. Write something that sounds like you and it will stand up for itself. Writing the college essay can be difficult because it is so unlike any other writing assignment that a high school student has ever done. They are told to be witty, descriptive, and engaging, but at the same time they are trying to sell themselves and Philip their personality to a committee of like for chocolate online strangers. We find that as long as students pick one anecdote, tie it to The Vulgar Essay, past accomplishments and future aspirationsalmost any topic can make a great essay. Still, it is hard to convince many students not to james baldwin to meet the man, re-write their resume with paragraphs or write all about their role model in life without ever divulging much about themselves. College essays are great practice for Philip Larkin: Essay that future professional balance between humility and self-promotion.

It is really wonderful when we see a student embrace a well-chosen topic. While writing a college essay can be difficult, I actually liked writing my essays, especially the one I submitted as part of the common application (and used for five or six schools). The key for me, was writing the essay on water my terms. I planned it, but not too far in advance that the Philip Larkin: Versifier, topic was no longer personally relevant. I revised and rewrote it, but I never let my parents or anyone else see it. (I just trusted myself and didnt want my voice to be changed as result of of Mary Essay others editing.) In fact, when I left an edited copy near the printer, my dad asked if I had left it there for Larkin: him to edit. I chose a topic that was significant to me, an injury that ended my varsity high school sports career. When I got to college and starting working with the going the man, admissions office, I heard one of the deans suggest that students specifically not write about Philip The Vulgar Versifier, injuries. According to her, injuries, like the death of a grandparent, are commonly written about.

She explained to a group of parents and prospective students, that, by in large, teenagers have many of the same significant life experiences. If you choose one those topics, which many students do, its even harder for your application to stand out. I like to think that mine did stand out, but who knows? Congratulations on a great article! I think students write about such topics as injuries and the death of a grandparent because there is very little else in their mundane teenage lives that forces them to reflect in the way these experiences do. Some of the james going to meet, other experiences a teen may have had , however life-shaping(unwanted pregnancy, for instance), may be just too painful and Philip Larkin: Versifier private to wind interpretation, write about. My own daughter is Philip Versifier, who she is in part because of some unique experiences that she simply doesnt talk about.

I know what they are because I experienced them along with her, but she is a very private person (as I am) and shares very little about how she feels about them. She hates to be under a spotlight, and would probably end up choosing a common essay topic that would not force her to stand out. My daughter was fortunate to be accepted by her first choice college and has begun her freshman year. While reading Ms. Tim Burton. Gerszbergs musings I recalled my own experiences with my daughters application process. I was most struck by Philip Versifier Essay, the requests for in simple tense the students to share their innermost thoughts and feelings about themselves and loved ones.

This was followed up with requests for the familys complete financial status, down to the penny. Larkin: The Vulgar. In short, everything is shared. Then the student, who has bared her very soul to the anonymous admissions officers, receives a nice but generic rejection letter. Ultimately the students are accepted somewhere, matriculate, and succeed. However, I cant help wondering about the lingering effects of tim burton themes this one sided courtship. I think we quickly put it to The Vulgar Essay, rest and celebrate the remainder of the senior year, the baldwin the man, graduation, the final summer, the countdown to matriculation day, and the ride back home from college without the child. Still, as I feel parental pride and share my daughters joy with this next step in her life, I think there is something very wrong with this process that is not fully appreciated. Perhaps she can write about Philip The Vulgar Versifier, it in her personal statement for graduate school. re: Over these last several weeks of of Mary Tudor Essay summer vacation, Nicole has been working, and Larkin: working some more, on her common application essay. Shes gone back and forth between two ideas, trying to perfect both, hoping that the one she ultimately chooses will best reflect who she is. If Nicole can give herself permission to spot the themes, deeper, unexpected, but always there connection between her two separate essays, shell see that she can meld them into one self-defining piece of writing of inestimable power and supremely serenity-eliciting satisfaction.

You too, for that matter, with your own writing. What are colleges looking for? People who dont care what theyre looking for. Thats what the amazing process of writing a college essay is really all about. Interesting article. Heres an Larkin: The Vulgar Essay interesting link to routine in simple present tense, actual essays, some of which may surprise you. I find it difficult to buy the idea that editing or advice removes a writers voice. Good editing does not, or else published prose wouldnt show its authors style. The editing is Philip Versifier Essay, too heavy-handed if a persons voice cant be heard. Its like polishing a piece of figured silverthe polish makes the figures clearer and sharper, but doesnt efface them.

I wrote two essays one generic, and the other highly personal, which I didnt show anyone because I didnt feel I could. In the end, I decided to send the personal one, even though it hadnt been vetted. I got into my reach school without having the best grades or scores; I think the essay must have stood out in tim burton, the sea of this-experience-made-me-a-better-person essays. I also work with a company that does a lot of college counseling for high school students, and specifically student athletes who are hoping to Philip Versifier Essay, play a sport at that school, and maybe even use that extra curricular passion to tim burton, leverage them in the admissions process. We also have ex-college admissions officers on board who have read a lot of essays. Philip The Vulgar Essay. We have all come to the conclusion that the essay is one of the baldwin to meet the man, most important pieces in the college admissions process. Philip Larkin: Versifier Essay. In many cases it is the only way to personalize yourself (especially when there is no interview) to the admissions officer, and in the wind interpretation show your character.

Many folks say that the essay should by no means be a memoir. It is much easier for the writers character to Philip Larkin: The Vulgar Essay, be conveyed if they show a glimpse or a peek through the curtain of their life, instead of the whole picture. Also, essays about lessons learned can be great for Tudor Essay showing that, but discussing a major turning point in ones life can often be forced when coming from someone so young. Athletes writing about their passion for sports is rather taboo. But on the other hand, writing about any other extra curricular activity or hobby (such as knitting mentioned above) would be a great way to show an officer something interesting about yourself that would never show up on the transcript. I also do not envy the Philip The Vulgar, kids applying to colleges these days.

On one hand they should be enjoying their last year of highschool, and on the other hand they are making a decision that will not impact the The Life of Mary Tudor, next 4 years of Philip The Vulgar Versifier Essay their life, but the next 40 years. While most big public universities require an essay, I wonder how important that essay is for essay present tense a student that fits easily into the admission requirements. The Vulgar Essay. It seems like it is like movie, not important at all really and its a shame that kids who are going this route are made to waste time with this nonsense. When the university we expect our kids will attend had to ban letters of recommendation (because they were aiding disasterous violations of the public trust) I cheered. Philip Versifier. One less stress on seniors in the application process.

Ms. Baldwin Going To Meet The Man. Gerszberg I was so pleased to read your commentary on the essay as memoir. After reading so many applications, as an independent Admissions Counselor (and former staff counselor), I see this phenomenon daily. But memoirs rarely make good essays. When students try to write authentic accounts of The Vulgar Versifier their lives, they often lose sight of their audience: the admissions department.

In so doing, they often fail to provide useful information to admissions staff, telling about friendships made, love lost, desires unrequited without how these things relate to my daily essay in simple tense, college. Larkin: The Vulgar Versifier. Admissions folks can make educated guesses regarding how the memoir-like essay translates into a great student at their college, but a good essay needs to take you there. Nonetheless, who can resist? When I was 18 and about to go to college, I wanted (a la Whitman) to sing myself. Its a rite of blowin interpretation passage. Furthermore, applicants have a reasonable assurance that someone will read their essay, something that a blog or FaceBook cant really guarantee when you really need it.

Knowing that someone is listening and listening close enough to The Vulgar Versifier, evaluate the essay present, essays content invites all kinds of tales, many inappropriate. All of Larkin: The Vulgar Versifier this is to say: the Essay, College Essay Memoir is not usually useful for College Admissionsbut its here to Philip Larkin: Essay, stay. Like any memoir, however, its important to make sure it fits the audience.

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Essay Elaboration Techniques For Writing 626510. This topic contains 0 replies, has 1 voice, and was last updated by plannanisnamo 4 days, 13 hours ago. Essay Elaboration Techniques For Writing. How To Teach Writing : 7 Strategies forDescribe a Place in Detail. It is easy for any writer to mention a place without really telling the reader much about it. Encourage your students to go back through Effective Writing , Support and Elaboration Students employ a wide range of Larkin: Versifier strategies as they write and use different writing are in tim burton themes, the process of Philip Versifier writing essays to emphasize effective writing elements.ICED: The Key to Elaboration ReadWriteThinkThough somewhat formulaic in nature, the routine essay in simple tense ICED technique offers students a framework for See The C-Rule writing prompt and The Crucible literary analysis . Writing the Body Paragraphs for Your Essay -In the body of the essay , all the preparation up to this point comes to fruition.

In the space under each point, write down some elaboration for The Vulgar Versifier Essay, that point.Support and elaboration The five features of effectiveThe first step in developing a story or essay is learning to add sufficient information. The best advice for developing support and elaboration in narrative writing is Show, Students can learn rhetorical techniques to tailor their support to their Essay Writing Skills Essay Elaboration | essays #039; activity. James Going To Meet! The aim of this activity is for students to develop their essay . Exam technique advice. Essay Writing Skills Essay Elaboration . Levels: AS, A Strategies to Philip The Vulgar Essay elaborate in informational Elaboration strategies for informational text! Elaborating | Informational writing . Tudor Essay! Writing Papers, Essay Writing , Writing Strategies , Writing Process, Opinion ways to be more convincing. Elaboration in The Vulgar Versifier Essay, opinion Elaboration in for chocolate movie online, opinion writing This is Philip The Vulgar a cute educational tool to elaborate on which the basso in the new Writing Papers, Essay Writing , Writing Strategies , Writing Process, Opinion elaboration 1To share teaching strategies that will help students develop a piece of Versifier writing (e.g., inverts sentence to draw attention to the point being made in an essay ).How to Write an Essay Using the Drapes7 Sep 2012 DRAPES is an blowin in the interpretation essay writing method that helps the students with elaboration techniques , which in Philip Larkin: The Vulgar Versifier, turn, facilitates students to come up with PEEL Paragraph Writing Virtual LibraryThe PEEL paragraph writing approach is a proven way to help students#039; writing Retrieved from tim burton, essay - writing /peel- Just Keep Going: Writing Strategies for1 Sep 2014 Just Keep Going: Writing Strategies for Elaboration to paragraphs, and paragraphs to Philip Larkin: The Vulgar Versifier Essay their essays , they need to build up some stamina.Best Practices in the Teaching of Writing Brevard CountyTeaching writer#039;s craft techniques based on an understanding of the writing elaboration or detail, a mature command of language, and appropriate Support in an FCAT writing essay is defined as the quality of details illustrating or.Supporting Your Writing with Examples and Evidence -26 Aug 2014 Watch this lesson to learn how to make strong arguments and write better papers How to Write a Persuasive Essay and Use Several Sources. Writing Essentials Lesson 2 Elaboration Wilson tackles every topic from Mother#039;s Day to played continuo in the litter in a slice-of-life essay of sorts. I can hardly Elaboration Strategies ) Our students just hear, tell me more. Essay! Strategies for my daily in simple present, Scaffolding Narrative and Expository 12 Feb 2014 Write informative/explanatory texts to examine and The Vulgar Versifier organization and two instruments most played in the baroque analysis of content. 3. Word-level semantic elaboration techniques .Six Techniques for Writing Your 150-Word2 Jan 2013 A: The Common App used to require that students write a 1,000 character (approx.

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We Spent The Day At The Cemetery, And Heres Why. I made a conscious decision with my kids that I would never shy away from death as a topic. I wouldn#8217;t glorify it or fixate on it, but I wouldn#8217;t shy away from it either. Routine Essay In Simple! I May Be Young, But Breast Cancer Didnt Care. I had almost no breast cancer risk factors.

Yet here I am. And I am only in this place of healing and recovery because I listened to my intuition.

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The Trail Of Tears American Indian Genocide. One of the most tragic events in the history of the United States, commonly known as Indian removal took place in the spring of 1838, when the Cherokee Nation commenced its tragic journey. In the perception of White settlers and their political representatives, removal of Native Indians was a prerequisite for a territorial expansion and Larkin: The Vulgar Versifier taking advantage of enormous mining and forestry resources. 'Those men and women who supported Indian removal often did so as a result of either outright racism or a desire to baldwin going to meet the man see local tribes assimilated into mainstream culture, as well as a misguided sense of patriotism and ambition for America. There is Larkin: Versifier no sense or honor in pretending that the actions of the U.S. government were not cruel or suggesting that some Americans' hunger for expansion justified an assault on the country's first residents. '(Marsico, 2010, pp. 6,7) In this section I will discuss Native Indian tribes, commonly known as 'civilized tribes'. The Civilized Tribes is a group of routine essay present tense, five tribes: the Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, and Philip Larkin: Versifier Essay Seminole. These groups were located in the south-eastern region of the like for chocolate movie United States. The reason that they became known as 'civilized tribes' by white settlers was that they adopted some of the European and American customs, such as Anglo-American farming, educational and Philip Larkin: Versifier slave-holding practices. My Daily Essay! As a result of this, a term Civilized Tribes was coined by the whites. The tribe consisted of seven clans and a village was governed by two distinct political entities; the red and Philip The Vulgar Essay the white government, 'which respectively maintained power in times of war and times of peace.' (Marsico, 2010, p. 11) Tribal affairs were discussed by clan representatives in of Mary Essay so called council houses, which were seven-sided structures.

The Cherokee villages were politically organized in a loose confederacy. The village was governed by Larkin:, two chiefs. The White Chief, also called the Most Beloved Man, supported the villagers on issues related to farming, law-making, and disputes among individuals, families, or clans. He also took part in religious rituals, accompanied by the Cherokee shamans. The Red Chief had advisory role on going, warfare issues. Philip Larkin: The Vulgar Essay! The Cherokee territory was in themes the southern part of the Appalachian chain. Their villages were situated in the Great Smoky Mountains (present-day western North Carolina) and the Blue Ridge (present-day western Virginia and West Virginia), and in the Great Valley (present-day eastern Tennessee). Waldman argues that 'They also lived in the Appalachian high country of present-day South Carolina and Georgia, and as far south as present-day northern Alabama.

Cherokee people also probably lived in territory now part of Kentucky.' (WALDMAN, 2006, p. 51) The rivers and streams were not only contributing to Philip Versifier Essay the richness of soil but also to the fishing. Cherokee were skilled fishermen who used spears, traps, and hooks. They also used to poison an area of a river and bring the unconscious fish to the surface. The Cherokee hunting skills were also impressive. Blowin Interpretation! They used bows and arrows for hunting deer and bear. 'To get close to the deer, they wore entire deerskins, including antlers, and used deer calls to lure the animals to them. The Cherokee hunted smaller game, such as raccoons, rabbits, squirrels, and turkeys, with blowguns made from the hollowed-out stems of cane plants. Through these long tubes, the hunters blew small wood-and-feather darts with deadly accuracy from as far away as 60 feet.' (Waldman, 2006, p. 52) The pray was used for clothing, as well. The wild plants had also significant role in their nutrition, as well as berries, cherries, grapes, walnuts and chestnuts.

The Cherokee were also known as craftsmen. They made plaited basketwork and stamped pottery. 'They also carved, out of wood and gourds, Booger masks, representing evil spirits.' (Waldman, 2006, p. 52) On special occasions their leaders used to wear headdresses made of feather. Ceremonies were held inside council houses. Cherokee families lived in two houses, which is typical of people of the Southeast. There were a summer house and winter home. The summer houses had rectangular shape with peaked roofs and walls made out of clay. Early encounters of the European explorers with the Cherokee can be traced back to mid-sixteenth century. In 1540, Hernando de Soto, the The Vulgar Essay Spanish explorer, who travelled throughout much of the Southeast, was the first European to come into contact with the Cherokee. Then, the English traders from the east appeared after England permanently populated Virginia, more precisely the Jamestown colony of 1607 and then the Carolina colonies. De Soto was in his pursuit of gold. The Cherokee villages were situated along rivers that enabled them cultivation of of Mary, various crops, such as corn, beans, squash, pumpkins, sunflowers, and tobacco, which afterwards resulted in exchange between settlers and Cherokees.

The Europeans introduced Cherokees with trade. They traded, in exchange for food iron, liquor, rifles, and gunpowder. Apart from trade and The Vulgar Versifier innovations, contacts with the for chocolate Europeans brought the Cherokee tribes exposure to diseases such as smallpox and influenza, as well. This had a negative effect on the Cherokee population 'from approximately 30,000 prior to the initial European contact to about 16,000 by the onset of the eighteenth century.' (Marsico, 2010, p. 15) Although the exchange between Cherokees and Americans was fruitful, the European colonists felt a great greed for Cherokees land. The French and Indian wars lasted from Philip The Vulgar Essay, 1689 to themes 1763. The Cherokee took side with the British against the French. Occasionally, they would fight side by side with tribes that were traditionally regarded as their enemies, such as the Iroquois.

The turning point took place in 1760, during the Cherokee War. The Cherokee revolted against their British allies in a dispute over wild horses in what is now West Virginia. 'A group of Cherokee on their journey home from the Ohio River, where they had helped the British take Fort Duquesne, captured some wild horses. Larkin: Essay! Some Virginia frontiersmen claimed the horses as their own and attacked the Cherokee, killing 12. Would Most Likely Continuo In The Baroque Era?! Then they sold the horses and Philip Larkin: The Vulgar Versifier collected bounties on the Cherokee scalps, which they claimed they had taken from Indians allied with the French.' (Waldman, 2006, p. 53) As a result of which would have continuo era?, this the Cherokee bands, led by Chief Oconostota, began raids on non-Indian settlements. The war ended after two years. The British troops burned their villages and crops. Larkin: The Vulgar Versifier! The peace agreement was reached and enormous portion of their lands that was closest to British settlements was taken away. Despite of the Cherokee War, the Cherokee took side with the British against the rebels in the American Revolution of 1775'83. Most of their support consisted of sporadic attacks on outlying American settlements. 'In retaliation, North Carolina militiamen invaded Cherokee lands and again destroyed villages and demanded land cessions.' (Waldman, 2006, p. 53) They allied with the Americans, fighting with them under Andrew Jackson in the Creek War of 1813. Cherokee chief Junaluska deserves all the two instruments most played era? credit for saving Jackson's life from a tomahawk-swinging Creek warrior at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend. Larkin: Versifier! In 1820, a republican form of government, having close resemblance of that of the United States, was established.

In the culture of the Cherokees work of Sequoyah, also known as George Gist, represents a turning point. In 1809, he commenced with a work on a written version of the Cherokee language and this advancement reflected on a written constitution and tim burton publication of books, and newspapers. His twelve years of work produced a written system reducing the Cherokee language to 85 characters each representing a different sound. Years later, in 1827, the tribe wrote a constitution. 'The constitution established a centralized government, a supreme court and jury system, and a national police force.' (Bowes, 2009, p. 22) The first Cherokee newspaper, the Cherokee Phoenix, was published in their language in Versifier 1828. The Chickasaw ancestors lived in present-day northern Mississippi, western Tennessee, western Kentucky, and eastern Arkansas. In Simple Present Tense! The Chickasaw shared language and culture with the Choctaw who lived in southern Mississippi. Philip Larkin: The Vulgar Versifier Essay! Both tribes had strong ties with the Creek living in the eastern part of Alabama and Georgia. The Chickasaw were in possession of a fertile floodplain, which was created by soil deposition when the Mississippi River overflows its banks. The moisture of soil enabled the floodplain to two instruments have in the become suitable for farming. The area was rich with wildlife.

The Mississippi and its tributaries provided the Chickasaw with fish. Their villages were built to keep them safe from floods. They planted corn, beans, squash, sunflowers, and melons. The Chickasaw practiced so called 'the law of hospitality.' This term was first introduced by Philip Essay, an English trader, James Adair, who spent nearly 40 years living together with the Chickasaw. Themes! In the 1700s, he wrote: 'The Spanish had early contacts with the Chickasaw.

Hernando de Soto led his expedition into their territory in 1541. True to the 'law of hospitality,' the Chickasaw let the outsiders live among them. Larkin: The Vulgar Versifier Essay! But de Soto tried to for chocolate movie force the tribal chiefs into providing 200 bearers to Philip The Vulgar Essay carry his supplies.' (Waldman, 2006, p. The Life Essay! 61) The Chickasaw first contacts with the English were in 1670, the Versifier year when the tim burton themes English colony of Carolina was founded. Those contacts enhanced trade of various goods between two nations. However, trade was extended beyond goods.

Indian captives were sold to the English. They ended up as slaves working on sugar plantations in the Caribbean islands. By the 1690s, the Larkin: Versifier Essay Chickasaws became fully equipped with English guns. Those guns were used against their southern neighbors, the Choctaws. It is estimated that around 2,000 Choctaws were seized as captives and another 2,000 were killed. The Choctaws were an blowin wind, easy target for the Chickasaw attacks, since at that time; they were not armed with guns. This initiated a series of Philip The Vulgar Versifier, conflicts between Chickasaw and Choctaw. Would Played The Basso Baroque Era?! In the French and The Vulgar Indian wars, the of Mary Tudor Chickasaw took side with the British. The Chickasaw regularly attacked French travelers on the Mississippi between New Orleans and Canada. The Chickasaw were ordered to expel British traders by The Vulgar Essay, the French, who armed their allies, the Choctaw. My Daily Essay Present! In return, the Chickasaw carried out raids against both, the French and Choctaw.

As of 1699, presence of France on Philip Larkin: Versifier, the Gulf of Mexico coast was established. The Choctaws from of Mary Essay, that stage on came into possession of Philip Larkin: The Vulgar Versifier, guns and that is how the Chickasaw captive raids ended. They were powerful to the extent that they even halted traffic on the Mississippi for some time. The French conflict with the Chickasaw was at of Mary Essay, its peak in 1736, 1741, and 1752. It was not until 1763 in the last of the French and Philip Indian wars that the Chickasaw were defeated. It is believed that the Choctaw originated from Nanih Waiya, the Mother Mound, area near present-day Noxapater, Mississippi. It is thought that the Choctaw were descendants of the early Mound Builders of the routine essay in simple tense Southeast. The Choctaw were one of the largest tribes living in southern and central Mississippi, with some bands in Alabama, Georgia, and The Vulgar Versifier Essay Louisiana as well. The Choctaw's language and culture are closely tied to baldwin going the man the Chickasaw and the Creek. In contrast to other southeast Indians, the Choctaw had a more democratic system of governance, similar to the one of Philip The Vulgar Versifier Essay, northeast Indians. Choctaw traders invented a simple trade language that was used in combination with sign language for communication with other tribes.

It is called the Mobilian Trade Language or Chickasaw Trade Language since the Mobile and Chickasaw used it. Villagers built winter and summer houses. 'To keep the winter houses warm families built fires, and to in the interpretation keep them moist they poured water over heated rocks.' (Waldman, 2006, p. 69) Turkey feathers were used to make threads to weave blankets. The Choctaw mainly depended on Larkin: Essay, their fertile lands along the Mississippi River. Basic crops were corn, beans, squash, sunflowers, and melons. Hunting and fishing had less relevance to their frequent plantings and harvestings. The Choctaw were skilled craftsmen. They used to carve dugout canoes for fishing, and trading trips.

In the culture of The Choctaw and Chickasaw there was a practice of head deformation for The Life of Mary Essay aesthetic purposes. A hinged piece of wood was put to the foreheads of male infants to apply pressure over Philip Larkin: The Vulgar, a period of time. Choctaw men let their hair grow long. My Daily Essay Present Tense! The males of most other Southeast tribes had quite different custom, they shaved their heads. Philip Larkin: The Vulgar Versifier! The Chickasaw name for them was Pansh Falaia, meaning 'long hairs.' When it comes to leisure time activities The Choctaw are known for playing lacrosse, also known as Indian stickball.

The game is played in a way that players 'toss a leather ball between posts with sticks. In The Wind Interpretation! Touching the ball with the hands and using the sticks to fight were forbidden, but just about The Vulgar Versifier Essay everything else was fair play.' (Waldman, 2006, p. 70) Often, players would sustain injuries, even deaths, during lacrosse games. Dancing and singing took place prior to the matches between two village teams. Villagers gambled many of their possessions because of placing bets on my daily routine tense, their teams. Song competitions were held, too. Philip! Villagers used to write songs, keeping their songs secret until performance time. A 'song thief' was name for those who spied on songs of another tribe. The Choctaw had a ritual of so called 'cry-time'.

This tradition involved placing the deceased on a scaffold. On that occasion family members went into retreat and two instruments most likely played the basso continuo mourned. The Choctaw tribal members practiced fasting. Once the corpse dried out in the open air, tribe members 'officially appointed as bonepickers, scraped the flesh away with their extra-long fingernails. Then the bones would be buried.' (Waldman, 2006, p. 70) English traders named the Native American tribe Creek, since most of their villages were built on woodland rivers and creeks. The Creek were a complex tribe, consisting of Philip Essay, many different bands and The Life of Mary villages with many names. The majority of their villages were situated along the banks of the Alabama, Coosa, Tallapoosa, Flint, Ocmulgee, and Chattahoochee Rivers. Their ancestors inhabited majority of territory of present-day Georgia and Philip Alabama and small parts of of Mary, northern Florida, eastern Louisiana, and Philip Larkin: southern Tennessee. Since they were one of the most widespread tribes, they represent the typical Southeast Indian culture. The Creek, like Choctaw and Chickasaw, were descendants of the Mound Builders who lived in the Southeast.

The Creek had two branches, the Upper Creek, situated in Alabama, and the Lower Creek, mostly in Georgia. The most significant band of Creek that is used for referring to Essay other groups as well is Muskogee. Muskogean language family was named after term Muskogee. Among Muskogean-speaking tribes belong the Alabama, Coushatta, Chickasaw, Choctaw, and Seminole, too. In history, the Creek Confederacy referred to the Alabama and Coushatta, the Muskogee and other Creek bands.

The Creek share many cultural traits with other Southeast Indian tribes. The Creek villages were situated by Versifier, the rivers and streams. Each village had a chief called a 'micco', who carried out duties similar to those of a modern-day mayor. In making decisions he relied on a council of elders and the Beloved Men. So called town crier was in charge of announcing the decision to the other villagers. Each village consisted of 'red towns' and 'white towns.' 'In the 'red towns' lived the warriors who launched raids for themes purposes of honor and revenge; ceremonies such as war dances were held there. In the 'white towns' lived the peacemakers who kept track of alliances and gave sanctuary to refugees; ceremonies such as the signing of treaties were held there.' (Waldman, 2006, p. 84) Villages had a town square with earthen banks for spectators to sit. The ceremonies and games were held there. Their villages had a central circular house with clay walls and a roof about 25 feet high, the ceremonial lodge, and a shelter for Philip Versifier Essay the old and the homeless. The houses were organized in clusters.

The villagers had a winter house, a summer house, a granary, and a warehouse. Each clan was named after an animal. Which Would Played The Basso In The! Clan membership was determined by the mother. It was forbidden to marry someone within the same clan. Philip Larkin: Versifier! The Creek like many other tribes were skilled farmers and hunters. One of the most important ceremonies in their culture was the Green Corn Ceremony also called the Busk, from the Creek word boskita, meaning 'to fast' was a ritual of renewal. It was held four to eight days at the end of the summer, the tim burton themes time when the last corn crop ripened. The shamans, elders and warriors all fasted. The purpose of the ceremony was a new start and forgiveness of all mistakes, except murder.

During this feast villagers would eat corn and take part in lighting of the Sacred Fire. On this occasion villagers also consumed the Black Drink, which is a tea made from different types of herbs and tobacco. Its consumption induced vomiting and it was believed that it purifies the body. The records indicate that as of 1715 they were called 'Creeks' by the English newcomers from South Carolina. Their population at that time numbered about 10,000 in the Deep South. The establishment of South Carolina in 1670, the Creeks begun doing business with their new neighbors.

The new form of business was capturing and selling Florida Indians. However, those profits nearly vanished by 1715 and the trade of deerskins became the main source of profit. Until 1730s skins were deported from the port of Charleston, South Carolina, for English market. Larkin: The Vulgar! In exchange for deerskin, the Creek obtained kettle, guns, and rum. The name Seminole is derived from the Spanish word cimarr??n, meaning 'wild' or 'runaway.' Their ancestors lived in the north of Georgia and Alabama states, migrated southward during the 1700s. Like Water! Supposedly, they were Creek Indians, who sought refuge from slavery from northern colonies that were at that time under British control. Upon their arrival to Florida, they were no longer called Seminoles, but Creeks. The majority of Lower Creeks from Philip, Georgia settled in Florida that was under Spanish control, at tim burton, that time. By the early 1700s f the native tribes that existed in Florida, prior to the arrival of the Seminole, had been reduced as a result of the Spanish warfare or diseases.

Around 100,000 native Americans occupied Florida in the 1500s, and only 50 survived. Philip Essay! In 1767 the Upper Creeks from water movie, Alabama arrived and established their settlements in the Tampa area. Philip Larkin: Versifier! Shortly after that, in 1771, the first time name Seminole was used with regard to an actual tribe. In 1778 followed the settlements of the Lower Creeks and a small number of my daily essay in simple, Appalachians. The Vulgar! Owning black slaves was a practice that many tribes adopted in wind interpretation their attempt to assimilate their culture to the culture of the white settlers. However, the Seminoles never did and Philip The Vulgar Versifier Essay Africans slaves who escaped the Carolinas and two instruments would have played the basso continuo era? Georgia built settlements along with the Seminoles in Florida, became known as the Black Seminoles.

Both, the Seminoles and Africans were united by their fear of slavery. 2. BACKGROUND CONTEXT. 2.1. The Creek War. In the colonial period, the Creek allied with the Philip Larkin: The Vulgar Versifier British in the French and Indian War of 1754'63. Creek warriors attacked the tim burton Choctaw, allies of the French. They fought against the Cherokee, too. Bands of Creek also took side with British troops against the rebels in the American Revolution of 1775'83. As a consequence of that, huge portions of their lands in Alabama and Georgia were ceded by the United States in 1790. Philip Versifier Essay! Tecumseh, leader of the Shawnee, counted on the British support in recovering possessions lost to settlers. He travelled to the south intending to warn native cultures of growing threats posed by my daily routine present, the whites.

This led to formation of a group, within the Creek, so called the Larkin: The Vulgar Red Sticks. 'The increasing divisions in Creek society led to bloodshed in 1812 when the traditionalists retaliated against the National Council's attempt to punish Creeks involved in attacks against settlers. A Creek civil war erupted, with Red Sticks (as the traditionalists were called) launching attacks on the towns of Creeks friendly to which two instruments played the basso continuo in the baroque era? white settlers.' (The Editors of Salem Press, 1995, p. 218) In return, the Philip United States got involved into the war, despite the fact that U.S. was already at war with Great Britain. The Southern states roused to take revenge for the Fort Mims Massacre. The army of 5,000 militiamen, aided by Cherokees, and Creeks, under command of General Andrew Jackson destroyed completely two Indian villages: Tallasahatchee and Talladega. Baldwin! The Red Sticks were first defeated at Fort Mims, in 1813, and then in the Battle of Horseshoe Bend, in March 1814. The same year Treaty of Philip Larkin: Versifier, Fort Jackson forced Creek chiefs to tim burton give away 23 million acres of Larkin: Versifier Essay, land that was in possession of both the militant Red Sticks and The Life of Mary Essay the peaceful White Sticks. Some of Red Sticks managed to escape and Larkin: The Vulgar Versifier Essay settle in Florida. Along with Seminole they managed to remain undefeated, until the First Seminole War (1817-1818). 2.2. The Seminole Wars.

The aftermath of American Revolution brought even deeper division between the water for chocolate online Seminoles and the United States. Many Seminoles relied on Britain for support. Philip Larkin: Versifier! American settlers argued that Seminoles provided a refuge for runaway slaves. The Seminole became friends with escaped African-American slaves. The slaves were given shelter among Seminole families. A fraction of like water, Seminoles held side with the Red Sticks faction of Creeks in the Creek War (1813-1814). After their defeat, many Red Sticks found shelter with the Seminoles in Florida. As a justification for leading an army out of Georgia, General Andrew Jackson used the runaway slaves, against the Seminole. This event initiated the Versifier Essay First Seminole War of 1817'18. Prior to returning his troops north to Georgia, Seminole villages were completely devastated.

When Jackson was elected president, he intended to send the Seminole to wind Indian Territory west of the Philip The Vulgar Mississippi River. Along with other Southeast tribes 3,000 Seminole were relocated westward by U.S. soldiers in essay the 1830s. Philip Larkin: Versifier! When counting the Seminole casualties starvation and disease should be considered, too. Those who survived were not even allowed to stop and bury their dead. The Seminole who were not willing to leave Florida begun a guerrilla war. The name for their resistance was the Second Seminole War of 1835'42. The Treaty of Payne's Landing, was ratified by minority of Seminoles in routine essay in simple present tense May 1832. Indians were demanded to give up their Florida lands within three years and move westward. The U.S. Army arrived in 1835 to implement the treaty and found Indians unwilling to move and ready for war. The federal government lost 1,500 men and some 500 Seminoles managed to escape.

In 1842, the Larkin: Essay war ended and majority of Seminoles had been relocated from Florida to Indian Territory, present-day Oklahoma. A Third Seminole War (1855-1858) was based on blowin wind interpretation, disputes, largely over land, between whites and Seminoles who remained in Florida. Since military patrols were in charge of capturing the Indians, it does not surprise that the Seminole population numbered about 200 at the end of Third Seminole War, in 1858. The Third Seminole War represents the Philip Essay last attempt of like water online, forced removal. 'Approximately three thousand Seminoles were removed to the Indian Territory, voluntarily or otherwise.' (The Editors of Salem Press, 1995, p. Philip The Vulgar! 469) 3. SOCIO-POLITICAL ASPECT OF THE INDIAN REMOVAL ACT.

The Louisiana Purchase of 1803 paved the way for the removals of Indians that would follow. The eastern Indian communities, even then, presented a problem in The Life of Mary Tudor Essay the view of American politicians. The Jefferson administration bought from the French a vast region of land west of the Mississippi River, for $15 million, Thomas Jefferson had every reason to believe that such vast territory would pay off. Jefferson proposal was with regard to Larkin: Essay Indians who continued to occupy lands between the Appalachian Mountains and Tudor Essay the Mississippi River that the Louisiana Territory could become a new home to these people. Even public, was misguided into thinking that the Versifier federal government would be helping the Indians, and that the Indians and their culture would eventually disappear, if they remained exposed to the whites. It was presented as a matter of choice, although it had very little to do with the harsh reality Native Indians were about to face. 3.1. The Indian Removal Act. The settlements of both the Europeans and the Americans from the early 1600s to the early 1800s were pushing the boundaries of the Indian territories further inland. Present Tense! Territorial expansion of the United States was often backed up by various treaties, laws and even some of legal rulings supported these actions.

From 1780's the Philip The Vulgar Versifier U.S. Constitution had already contained articles granting 'Congress and the president exclusive control over Indian affairs. This essentially meant that each of the states was subject to federal regulations in its dealings with local tribes. Water Movie Online! ' (Marsico, 2010, p. 20) At the time, the state of Georgia was dealing with legitimate means to dissolve the Cherokee Nation; the Congress passed the Indian Removal Act (1830). It was Andrew Jackson who signed it into law on May 28, 1830. 'This act granted the executive the authority to negotiate land-exchange treaties with native nations residing within the boundaries of the United States. Cooperating nations would receive Western land in return for ceding their territory.

Thus ''Indian Territory'' in present-day Oklahoma was born.' (Sturgis, 2007, p. 37) Even though the Larkin: Indian Removal Act contained clauses regarding the themes protection of the tribes that were subject to removal, it was carried out without this clause being enforced. At first glance, those Americans who believed that it would serve to the benefit of the Native Indians and would protect them of Philip Larkin: Versifier Essay, possible extinction even favored it. However, it raised much controversy among numerous organizations; especially the The Life of Mary ones in Essay the Northeast were hard opponents of the which would most likely have played the basso continuo era? legislation. Some of the statesmen and senators opposed to the notions of removal. Senator Theodore Frelinghuysen of New Jersey was among the loudest opponents: 'We have crowded the tribes upon Philip Versifier Essay a few miserable acres on our southern frontier,' he proclaimed.' (Bowes, 2009, p. 19) In spite of the opposition efforts, the passage of the Indian Removal Act in the House of Representatives was ensured by a vote of 102 to 97. 'In the movie succeeding ten years the Atlantic and Gulf states were cleared of the Cherokees, Choctaws, Chickasaws, Creeks, and Seminoles.

Some went resignedly, others at The Vulgar Versifier, bayonet point.' (McNickle, 1973, p. 74) Early XIX century witnessed an increase in the number of james baldwin going to meet, non-Indian settlers. In 1820s, a number of the Choctaw migrated west of the Mississippi. However, the majority was not willing to leave their homeland. Versifier Essay! The reason that some left voluntary was the, the of Mary Tudor Essay Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek that was signed between the Choctaw negotiators and the government representatives Colonel John Coffee and Secretary of War John Eaton, on September 27, 1830. Philip Larkin: The Vulgar! This treaty is regarded as one of the largest transfers of my daily routine essay in simple present tense, land between U.S. Government and Native Americans. In sequence of events, this presents the first removal treaty enforced under the Indian Removal Act. The Choctaw gave away 11 million acres of the Choctaw land in exchange for 15 million acres in the Indian Territory. Larkin: The Vulgar Versifier Essay! The U.S. Congress ratified the The Life Tudor Treaty in Philip Larkin: Versifier Essay 1831.

The treaty contained a clause applicable to those who remained to obtain U.S. Which Most Likely Have Played In The! citizenship. The Vulgar Versifier Essay! Some 1,300 Choctaws, who remained in the state of Mississippi, became citizens of the like movie United States. It is estimated that around 15,000 Choctaws left and found their new homes in the Indian Territory, i.e., state of Oklahoma. The word Oklahoma is Larkin: Versifier Essay of Choctaw origin, meaning red people. On the grounds of the Curtis Act, their government was disassembled, as it was a precondition for acknowledging the Oklahoma status of a state. Subsequently, the Choctaws ended up divided into two distinct groups: the Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma and the Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians that gained federal recognition in 1945. The Life Of Mary Essay! The Mowa Band of Choctaw presently inhabiting state of Alabama is Philip The Vulgar Essay not recognized by the federal government. 3.2. Andrew Jackson.

Andrew Jackson was seventh President of the United States. He was born in 1767 in Waxhaw, South Carolina. He studied law. In 1788 he moved to Nashville. During his career, he worked as prosecutor, judge, Tennessee congressman and water online senator from 1823 to 1825. He fought as general in the War of 1812 defeating the Creek Indians in 1814 and Versifier the British at New Orleans in 1815.

Three years later, in 1818, he undertook another military assignment to chase off Seminole Indians into Spanish Florida. John Quincy Adams won the presidential elections of 1824. James Going The Man! Four years later, Jackson defeated Adams and became the seventh president of the United States. Jackson was a founder of the Democratic Party. He supported extension of slavery into the West. He was a political opponent of the Whig Party and Congress on The Vulgar Essay, matters such as the Bank of the United States. Tim Burton! He was known for his rage. He used to challenge men to duels and sometimes even causing deadly consequences. During his military career, he fought against the Red Stick Creeks and Seminoles, and the War of 1812 in the Battle of New Orleans; he earned a status of a national hero. 'Jackson cultivated his military reputation as an ''Indian fighter.' He often acted as a loose cannon, disobeying orders or creating his own, in order to further the cause of Manifest Destiny, the spread of U.S. Philip Essay! control over the North American continent.' (Sturgis, 2007, p. 85) In Jackson's perception the greatest threat to settlement and expansion of the United States, was the question of Native Indians.

In the eyes of the common man Jackson was regarded not only as a war hero, but also as one of their own, a common man. His presidential career, in two subsequent terms, lasted from March 4, 1829 to The Life of Mary Tudor March 4, 1837. Jackson is perhaps best known for providing the environment and tracing the route for the Trail of Tears through the Indian Removal Act. The 'Indian fighter' ratified nearly seventy removal treaties. The majority of Larkin: The Vulgar Essay, those treaties provided for my daily tense relocation and primarily by the use of force of The Vulgar Versifier, nearly 50,000 eastern Indians to Indian Territory with aim to make available millions of acres of land to like for chocolate online white settlers. 'Although the Philip Larkin: The Vulgar Essay Trail of Tears itself did not occur until the administration of Martin Van Buren, Jackson's former vice president and hand-picked successor, Jackson was responsible for providing the key ingredients necessary for removal to take place.' (Sturgis, 2007, p. 86) Jackson's approach to the ''Indian question'' is perhaps best exemplified by his ignorance toward judiciary and which would most have played baroque non-interference regarding Georgia's oppression of the Cherokee Nation. 'Georgia lawmakers devised a lottery system to redistribute Cherokee land to Georgia citizens. The Cherokees appealed to the national government, claiming that the Georgia state laws, by violating the Philip Larkin: The Vulgar Versifier Essay sovereignty of the Cherokee Nation, also violated international treaties that the United States had made with the Cherokees.' (Sturgis, 2007, p. 87) According to John Marshall in case of in the interpretation, Cherokee Nation versus Georgia, in 1831, the treaties with the Cherokee Nation were not to Philip Essay be regarded in terms of international treaties, instead native nations were to be regarded as ''domestic dependent nations.'' Further on, the United States Supreme Court ruled that the two instruments likely have played continuo in the baroque Supreme Court did not have jurisdiction over this matter since the Cherokee Nation was not a foreign nation. Therefore, they were not entitled to Larkin: The Vulgar sue in federal court that would eventually provide them with legal grounds for prevention of further cessions of their lands as well as their removal from tribal lands. However, this case was important as the Cherokees based on this interpretation of a legal matter decided to bring another case before the court.

The second case Worcester versus Georgia before the Supreme Court was in 1832. Would! This case was initiated by Larkin:, white missionary Samuel Worcester who sued the state of Georgia on the grounds of imposing its laws over the Cherokee Nation. 'Georgia had passed an act that required all whites who lived within the Cherokee Nation to apply for a state permit and swear an oath of allegiance to Georgia.' (Sturgis, 2007, p. Most Likely The Basso Continuo In The Era?! 87) Worcester was a minister within the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions. His non-compliance with the Georgia act resulted in subsequent arrest. He was tried and sentenced to four years of hard labor in The Vulgar a Georgia court. According to Marshall the water for chocolate movie relations with native nations were within a jurisdiction of the national government, therefore Georgia State was not entitled to intervene into an issue involving 'a group the United States had already recognized and agreed to protect.' (Sturgis, 2007, p. Philip Larkin: Versifier! 87) The state of Georgia refused to release Worcester. Which Most Played The Basso Continuo Era?! 'President Jackson, the so-called old Indian fighter, is reported to have said in response with reference to the chief justice of the U.S. Supreme Court, John Marshall has made his decision, now let him enforce it (Mooney, 1900: 114).' (Russell, 1987, p. 116) However, none of the cases tried before the U.S. Supreme Court served its purpose and the Trail of Tears was inevitable.

President had at his disposal a discretionary power, to authorize forceful removal, since such clause was incorporated in many removal treaties and bills. Larkin: The Vulgar Versifier Essay! Furthermore, those policies included the deadlines, and in some cases even prior to the expiry of the deadline, force was used, if deemed necessary. Whether enforcement of the continuo era? bills justifies the use of force is disputable. Since historical sources indicate that vast majority of Indians opposed the removals, it was obvious that if government wanted to enforce removal bills, it had to be, by force. 3.3. The Treaty of New Echota.

The Treaty of New Echota was named after New Echota, the Cherokee capitol in Essay Georgia, where it was signed. Going To Meet The Man! The United States as a result of this cession claimed the Cherokee lands in the Southeast in exchange for lands in Indian Territory and $15 million. Versifier! 'The U.S. My Daily Tense! Senate ratified the Treaty of New Echota by one vote, and on May 23, 1836, President Andrew Jackson proclaimed it in effect.' (Sturgis, 2007, p. 55) About twenty thousand Cherokees were to voluntarily leave their homes as of May 23rd, 1838. Jackson remained firm and acted accordingly, The Treaty of New Echota had to be implemented, regardless of Larkin: The Vulgar Versifier Essay, evident hesitations by his own men. Wind Interpretation! U.S. Troops commander, initially appointed to implement the Larkin: The Vulgar Versifier Essay Treaty of blowin interpretation, New Echota, was General John Ellis Wool. Upon his arrival, he was faced with the protesting by the Cherokee to both, the process of disarmament and the Treaty, itself. 'Wool asked to be relieved of his mission, and he was.' (Sturgis, 2007, p. 55) In December 1837, the Cherokee were notified by the government that the clause in the Treaty of New Echota under which, they were given deadline of two years from the ratification of the treaty, to Larkin: Versifier leave, would be enforced. In early 1838, and A delegation headed by John Ross and other Cherokee leaders, paid a visit to Washington, D.C. to present the baldwin going the man signatures of 15,665 Cherokees who were against the Treaty of New Echota, but the Senate Committee on Indian Affairs had voted and authorized the Treaty implementation. 'The U.S. secretary of war told John Ross that Jackson no longer recognized any government among the Philip The Vulgar Essay Eastern Cherokees, and my daily routine essay in simple neither Ross nor anyone else would be allowed to Versifier Essay challenge further the blowin in the wind legitimacy of the removal treaty.' (Sturgis, 2007, p. 55) Approximately two thousand Cherokees, which is The Vulgar Essay some 15 percent of the Cherokee Nation, acted out of their own will and joined ''Old Settlers'' in like for chocolate movie Indian Territory, along with members of the Treaty Party. According to Jackson no further communications with John Ross, in writing or orally, on this matter is allowed.

When Jackson's second presidential mandate ended, the White House successor became, Martin Van Buren. He commenced his presidential duties in March 1837. Since he was vice president during Jackson's mandate, he made it known that he will stick with Jackson's policies. Out of sympathy with the Cherokee cause, citizens around the United States sent messages and petitions; however, Van Buren organized seven thousand soldiers to prepare for Larkin: action. 'Time had run out. On May 23, 1838, the military roundup of the Cherokee Nation began.' (Sturgis, 2007, p. 57) The Cherokee were disarmed and General Winfield Scott was assigned to monitor their removal.

'On May 10, 1838, General Scott issued the like online following proclamation:' 'Cherokees! The President of the United States has sent me, with a powerful army, to Versifier Essay cause you, in obedience to the Treaty of 1835, to join that part of your people who are already established in prosperity, on the other side of the The Life Tudor Essay Mississippi. . Philip The Vulgar Versifier Essay! . . The full moon of May is already on the wane, and before another shall have passed away, every Cherokee man, woman and child . . Of Mary Essay! . must be in motion to join their brethren in the far West.' Scott's proclamation clearly outlined that no Cherokee would remain in the territory, they all had to 'move' and that Army would reassure the implementation of the Treaty, by force. 4. EXODUS OF NATIVE INDIAN TRIBES. 4.1. The Trail of Tears. It took four weeks in May and June, to Essay carry out four military operations (Georgia, Tennessee, North Carolina, and Alabama).

Approximately seventeen thousand Cherokees rounded up at gunpoint were removed to various containment camps designated for the Cherokee prisoners. Those camps proved to two instruments would most likely played continuo in the era? be inadequate as no basic sanitation was provided for the prisoners. The roundups were carried out in a way that took the Cherokees by surprise. Vast majority of families were separated, husbands from wives and children, and many had only Larkin: The Vulgar Essay, their clothes on them, and all other possessions were left behind. 'John G. Burnett, a soldier involved with the roundup, described the operation: 'Men working in the fields were arrested and driven to the stockades. Women were dragged from their homes by soldiers whose language they could not understand. Children were often separated from their parents and driven into the stockades with the sky for a blanket and the man the earth for a pillow. . Larkin: The Vulgar Versifier Essay! . .' (Sturgis, 2007, p. 58) John Wool, though initially appointed as the military commander of the removal campaign was replaced by Major General Winfield Scott, also known as ''Old Fuss and Feathers,'' Scott was a renown veteran, he fought in the War of 1812, the Blackhawk War and the Seminole Wars. ' Scott looked at his mission without enthusiasm; when he realized that many of the Georgia troops seemed as interested in killing the Cherokees as removing them, he realized the extent of the challenge he faced.' (Sturgis, 2007, p. Water For Chocolate! 57) The first exodus westward occurred from spring 1838 and lasted to the summer. The first groups marched the route of Philip Larkin: The Vulgar, 800 miles.

The intense heat had deadly consequences for children and the elderly. The second exodus was in baldwin going to meet the fall and Larkin: Versifier winter of 1838-39. Unlike the first exodus that was in the heat, the second one was in the rainy season and for that reason the wagons sunk down in the mud, and themes with freezing temperatures and snow, the Larkin: The Vulgar Versifier journey got even worse. Numerous reasons need to be taken into account when considering the Cherokee casualties, from disease, food shortages, and weather conditions to failure of the U.S. troops to protect the Cherokee from themes, attacks by bandits. Initially, the Cherokees were loaded on steamboats, taken down the Tennessee and Ohio rivers to the Mississippi and from there forced to take the land routes to Indian Territory. Philip The Vulgar Versifier Essay! Indeed, a few thousand Cherokee were removed, as planned. Since this removal was undertaken in which most have the basso continuo baroque the hottest season, due to sickness, human losses were enormous. the Cherokee National Council, John Ross along with other chiefs made a proposal to Larkin: Versifier General Scott that the Cherokee be allowed to blowin postpone the removal to the fall, when the weather is milder, to prevent further casualties. 'That request was granted, and in October, 1838, the Cherokee began to remove themselves, primarily over land, in 13 recorded groups averaging about 1,000 people each.' (Russell, 1987, p. 117) The first and Philip Larkin: The Vulgar Versifier Essay the second exodus in combination with the dreadful conditions of the confinement camps caused the deaths of like for chocolate movie online, nearly 4,000 Cherokee, which represents a quarter of their total number.

The death toll rose even with the arrival of the Cherokee in the Indian Territory, due to epidemics and Larkin: Essay continuous lack of baldwin going, food. Other Southeast tribes primarily the Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, and Seminole shared the destiny of the Cherokee. Perhaps the closest to the exact figures of Cherokee population, which was primarily affected by Philip The Vulgar Essay, the Trail of Tears, is Essay statistical information provided by Russell Thornton. According to Philip Versifier Thornton: 'A census of the Eastern Cherokees (sometimes called the Henderson Roll) was conducted in 1835: it enumerated 16,542 Cherokees. By this time there may have been 5,000 Cherokees west of the Mississippi River: from 1828 to 1834, 2,802 Cherokees had registered for removal (plus 578 blacks and 47 whites. Nevertheless, by 1834 only 1,171 Cherokees (plus 293 blacks) had actually emigrated, according to which most played in the era? official records).' (Russell, The Cherokees: A Population History, 1992, p. 50) The removals that lasted from 1831 to 1834 were carried out Philip The Vulgar Essay under inhumane and horrifying conditions, such as lack of food, blankets and Essay wagons. The Vulgar Versifier Essay! Sporadic attacks from ambush by bandits were not prevented by the U.S. soldiers. It is estimated that nearly a quarter of the Choctaw died during the marches, while those who survived the dreadful journey, after their arrival in the Indian Territory, died as a result of various diseases and themes starvation. Theoretically, the Indian Territory was regarded as a permanent homeland for many tribes. 'Originally, the promised region stretched from the state boundaries of Arkansas, Missouri, and Iowa to the 100th meridian, about 300 miles at the widest point. Nonetheless, with increasing non-Indian settlement west of the Mississippi in Philip Versifier the mid- 1800s, the Indian Territory was reduced again and again.' (Waldman, 2006, p. 54) As of 1854, the north of the Indian Territory included the territories of Kansas and Nebraska that were later recognized states status. From 1866 onwards, tribes situated in those regions were resettled to the south, allegedly reserved for the Southeast tribes, also known as the 'Five Civilized Tribes.' In the 1880s, arrival of the Boomers followed and again Indian reservations became matter of interests of the Whites in pursuit of james going to meet, more Indian lands for settlement.

Most of the relocations of the Five Civilized Tribes were carried out on the grounds of the Indian Removal Act of 1830. The political viewpoint of President Jackson on Indian question was backed up by his own views that the Versifier Essay 'red men' were not capable of integration into the society of the Whites, nor did they have the james the man intelligence to coexist in the white society. Moreover, according to him, they had to accept Christianity; otherwise they are destined to eventual extinction. Philip Larkin:! Further on, the government's policy was to be welcomed by the Native Indians, as it will, at the expense of the in the wind interpretation government, carry out the relocation. Such policy would positively affect other Native Indians, to follow the pattern of the 'five civilized tribes'. President Andrew Jackson' in his Message to Congress 'On Indian Removal' (1830) outlines the relevance of the government's policy, as follows: 'The waves of population and Philip Larkin: The Vulgar Versifier civilization are rolling to the westward, and we now propose to acquire the my daily routine essay in simple present tense countries occupied by the red men of the South and West by Larkin: The Vulgar Versifier, a fair exchange, and, at the expense of the United States, to send them to water for chocolate land where their existence may be prolonged and Larkin: The Vulgar Versifier perhaps made perpetual.' The map shows numerous routes that were taken by Native Indian tribes at themes, the time of forcible removals from 1830 to The Vulgar Essay 1840. The Choctaw were the first tribe forcibly removed from of Mary, their homeland. Non-Indian settlers had territorial aspiration toward their lands. State governments just as the federal government kept side with whites over Indians. Ironical was their role in the Creek War, when the Choctaw had fought under Andrew Jackson, who would later become president of the United States and mastermind of the 'legitimate' removal of the Native Indians.

Despite the fact that the Choctaw were not represented by the majority, a few members of the Choctaw were talked into signing the Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek, in 1830. This Treaty led to ceding of all Choctaw lands in the state of Mississippi. Those who disapproved the Treaty remained and hid out in the Mississippi and Louisiana woods. However, the vast majority were made to The Vulgar Essay move westward by U.S. Army.

However, the Choctaw who reached their new homelands, designated by wind, the U.S. government, persisted and had undergone reorganization as a tribe and Larkin: Versifier started a new life. They even adopted a republican form of government, modeled after that of the United States and my daily routine present many customs of the 'civilized' Whites, and that is how the Choctaw along with the Chickasaw, Creek, Cherokee, and Seminole, gained a reputation as one of the 'Five Civilized Tribes' During the Creek removal of 1836 and following their arrival in Philip The Vulgar Essay the Indian Territory, out of 15,000 who were to tim burton move to the Southeast, about 3,500 died as a consequence of Philip Larkin: The Vulgar Versifier Essay, hunger, disease and ambushed bandit attacks. 'Pressures caused by non-Indian expansion did not cease, however. The General Allotment Act of 1887, designed to force the breakup of tribal landholdings for increased development, caused the eventual loss of much acreage. What was supposed to exist permanently for native peoples as the Indian Territory became the state of Oklahoma in two instruments most played baroque 1907 (Oklahoma is a Muskogean word, coined by the Choctaw Allen Wright to The Vulgar Versifier mean 'red people,' and first applied to the western half of the Indian Territory in tim burton themes 1890.)' (Waldman, 2006, p. 71) 4.3. Georgia Gold Rush. The Native Indians inhabiting the area of the Appalachian Mountains were aware of the gold resources long before the arrival of the first Spanish expeditions in their lands. The Vulgar! The gold was discovered in the Blue Ridge Mountains around 1733, and for almost 100 years the routine essay present tense site remained unmined. Frank Logan, farmer and prospector, takes credit for discovering gold on Versifier Essay, Dukes Creek, a tributary of the Chattahoochee River in 1828.

America's first gold rush was on horizon. Many explorers told stories of Indians wearing gold. One such story was that of Diego Miruelo, who was supposedly given a small quantity of gold when trading some goods with Florida Indians. However, Hernando de Soto is known for launching the first grand expedition in routine in simple present tense pursuit of The Vulgar Versifier, gold in Essay 1540. Thousands of prospectors in late 1829 rushed to North Georgia, also known as the Larkin: Versifier Essay Cherokee Nation, looking for gold . ' The sudden influx of miners into the Cherokee Nation was known even at the time as the Great Intrusion. One writer said in the Cherokee Phoenix, Our neighbors who regard no law and which most likely have played continuo in the baroque era? pay no respects to the laws of humanity are now reaping a plentiful harvest. . . . We are an abused people. The gold was discovered in Georgia on October 27, 1828. Benjamin Parks, who lived in Hall County (now Lumpkin County), is Versifier Essay known as the tim burton first discoverer. Among other first discoverers is Georgia prospector Frank Logan. Supposedly, Logan on Essay, his way back to the North Carolina gold fields, discovered gold in 1828 on Dukes Creek. Themes! The story of Benjamin Parks is considered unsubstantiated because he initially claimed he found the gold in 1827 and leased the land to mine, but he was not the owner of that land until July, 1828.

The news of gold mines spread and more men were lured into making money, the easy way. 'Whispers of the gold in Georgia spread slowly, but the trickle turned to The Vulgar a flood when the Georgia Journal ran a story on Gold. two mines in Habersham.' 4.4. Assimilation and Allotment. Controversial political views outlined a necessity for their removal. Some argued that the Indians could have remained, if assimilated; while others proposed their removal, as they had no capacity for assimilation into superior and technically advanced society of the whites. Either way, the choice was not to be made by the Indians.

Numerous arguments in favor and against removal legislation come down to one distinct term ' assimilation. Much debate evolved around the process of assimilation. Whether Indians could assimilate or had no capacity of it is tim burton irrelevant, as they could not be accepted for who they are. They were deprived of Philip Essay, right to live in accordance with their own culture and customs, in two instruments would likely played the basso continuo in the baroque their traditional lands, using their native languages. Some 50 years after the Removal of Native Indians, more precisely on February 8th, 1887, Congress passed the The Vulgar General Allotment Act (or the Dawes Severalty Act). 'U.S. law providing for the distribution of Indian reservation land among individual tribesmen, with the aim of creating responsible farmers in the white man's image. It was sponsored in several sessions of Congress by like for chocolate movie online, Sen.

Henry L. Dawes of Massachusetts and finally was enacted in Philip February 1887. Under its terms, the president determined the in the interpretation suitability of the Philip The Vulgar Versifier Essay recipients and issued the grants, usually by a formula of 160 acres to each head of my daily essay present tense, household and 80 acres to Larkin: Essay each unmarried adult, with the stipulation that no grantee could alienate his land for 25 years.' It also enabled the Indians who received land, to become U.S. citizens, meaning they had to comply with the federal, state, and local laws. Although it was aimed at the welfare of the Indians, there were no enough votes in Congress to pass it. Amendments to the Act were made, in terms of any remaining land, after the allotment to the Indians, would be offered for public sale and then passing the Act followed. The Life Tudor! 'By 1889, 2 million acres had been bought from the Indians, usually at ridiculously low prices, and thrown open to non-Indian settlement. The Oklahoma Land Run took place that year, with settlers lining up at a starting point to Philip Larkin: Essay race for choice pieces. Those who cheated and entered the lands open for settlement were called 'sooners.' In 1890, Oklahoma Territory was formed from these lands.' (Waldman, 2006, p. 54) The leaders of Cherokee and Choctaw leaders rejected allotment and decided to resolve the matter at federal courts. In response, Congress passed the Curtis Act of 1898, with aim to dissolve their tribal governments and courts. Furthermore, The Curtis Act was, in a way prolongation of land Allotment policy. Which Would Most Have The Basso Continuo Baroque Era?! The U.S. government's policies were structured around regaining Indian lands. In 1905, a proposal to the federal government was made by representatives of the Five Civilized Tribes for establishment of a separate Indian state, known as Sequoyah. Larkin: Versifier Essay! 'Legislation was submitted to Congress but was not enacted. Oklahoma, all of which had once been Indian land, became a state in 1907.

During this period, in movie online 1924, the federal government passed the Citizenship Act, conferring citizenship on all Native Americans. Two states'Arizona and New Mexico' delayed giving Indians voting rights until much later. In 1934, with the Indian Reorganization Act (or the Wheeler-Howard Act), the policies of Assimilation and Allotment ended.' (Waldman, 2006, p. 54) It was not until President Franklin D. Roosevelt and his commissioner of Indian affairs, John Collier appeared on the political stage that the Native Indians would initiate the process of rediscovering their lost culture. Those who imposed the assimilation policy had intended to diminish the relevance of Indian heritage and reorganize their tribal features to fit into their own. However, the tribes that were encircled with the allotment process never repossessed the lands lost to whites.

The term reservation is applied to most of The Vulgar Versifier, tribally held lands in other states. For Chocolate! Remaining Indian lands in Oklahoma are referred to as Indian trust areas. 5. Larkin: The Vulgar Versifier Essay! THE TRAIL OF TEARS, WATER AND LAND ROUTES. 'Various scholars have speculated that the The Life camp conditions might have been responsible for perhaps one-third to one-half of all of the deaths associated with the Trail of Tears, though the records leave little chance for anything more than speculation. Scott divided the camps into three military districts, each with its own plan for Larkin: Essay removal to blowin in the wind interpretation Indian Territory involving land and water routes.' (Sturgis, 2007, p. 59) The tribes were made to take two main routes to Philip Larkin: Essay reach Oklahoma. Each route went through the Ozarks; the water route, also called the southern route went through Arkansas and the land route, also known as northern route, went through the Ozarks of southern Missouri. The Native American Indians were removed from the southeastern United States to james baldwin to meet west of the Mississippi. The outrageous 800-mile trail, from Georgia to eastern Oklahoma, took place during 1838 and 1839. The illustration presents both main routes, i.e., the land and Versifier water route. Illustration 2 - Routes of the water for chocolate movie online Trail of Tears from the National Park Service. The territorial aspirations of the Whites were fueled by Larkin: The Vulgar Essay, the discovery of gold in which two instruments would most likely played continuo baroque era? Georgia in 1828, which was confirmed in 1830.

President Andrew Jackson's policy on the Indian Removal corresponds to that timeframe and that same year Congress passed the Indian Removal Act and from that moment on it was 'legitimate' to remove Native Indians from their ancestral lands to so called Indian Territory or reservations. The map illustrates ceded lands, routes of Indian removal and Philip Larkin: The Vulgar Versifier Indian reservations. President Jackson outlined in The Life Tudor his Second Annual Message to Congress on December 6, 1830 that: 'The consequences of a speedy removal will be important to Philip Versifier the United States, to movie online individual States, and to the Indians themselves'It puts an end to all possible danger of collision between the authorities of the General and State Governments on account of the The Vulgar Versifier Essay Indians. It will place a dense and civilized population in large tracts of of Mary Tudor, country now occupied by a few savage hunters.' ' European settlements in the Southeast of the U.S: begun with explorer expeditions in XVI century. The Spanish established missions in Florida and Georgia, and in 1607, the English established Jamestown, Virginia. Later XVII century is marked by the English who took part in Indian slavery and deerskin trade in South Carolina, and exploitation of the Mississippi River by the French.

Perhaps the most genocidal event was triggered by the passage of the 1830 Indian Removal Act. Known as 'Indian Fighter', President Andrew Jackson authorized the use of force to implement it. Philip Essay! It provided European settlers with vast regions of rich soil to establish farms on lands inhabited by the 'Five Civilized Tribes'. Like Water For Chocolate Online! Namely, the Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, and Seminole presented a role-model of successful assimilation into whites' society and it was from 1830-1839, that systematical removals were enforced upon them. The routes they were forced to take, from their southeastern lands to present-day Oklahoma, became symbolically known as the 'Trail of Tears'.

According to data from 1980, 60,000 Cherokee, 24,000 Choctaw, 15,500 Creek, 6,000 Chickasaw, and Larkin: The Vulgar Essay 5,000 Seminole live in Oklahoma. Some argue that genocide is like water difficult to identify while others have no doubt about its classification. Genocide in broader context applies to the acts 'committed with intent to Versifier Essay destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group. ' The Trail of Tears cannot be categorized only in terms of essay in simple present, tragedy of the 'Five Civilized Tribes'. Modern society has name for it and Philip Larkin: this event is to be named for what it is. The intention to eradicate Native Indians may be questionable; however the Indian Removal Act clearly outlined that Indians may become extinct or their lands abandoned: The fact that Indian Removal Act was an instrument in the hands of U.S: government to relocate five Native Indian Nations without their consent, by force, constitutes crime. 'The crime of in the, genocide has two elements: intent and action 'it must be inferred from a systematic pattern of coordinated acts.

Intent is different from a motive. Whatever may be the motive for the crime (land expropriation, national security, territorial integrity, etc.,) if the perpetrators commit acts intended to destroy a group, even part of a group, it is Philip Larkin: The Vulgar Versifier Essay genocide.' Bowes, John P. (2009). The Trail of Tears: Removal in the South (Landmark Events in Native American History). New York: Infobase Publishing. Marsico, K. (2010).

Perspectives on the Trail of Tears: The Tragedy of American Indians. New York: Marshall Cavendish Benchmark. McNickle, D. (1973). Indian Survivals and to meet the man Renewals. New York: Oxford University Press. Rasmussen, Kent R., the Editors of Salem Press. (1995). American Indian Tribes. Pasadena: Salem Press, Inc. Sturgis, Amy H. (2007).

The Trail of Tears and Indian Removal, Westport: Greenwood Press. Thornton, R. (1990). American Indian Holocaust and Survival: A Population History since 1492, (The Civilization of the Larkin: The Vulgar Versifier Essay American Indian Series, Vol. 186). My Daily In Simple! University of Oklahoma Press. Thornton, R. (1992).

The Cherokees: A Population History, University of Nebraska Press. Waldman, C. (2006). Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes, 3rd Ed., New York: Checkmark Books. If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom English Language essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on hand, waiting to help you. Each of us is qualified to a high level in Larkin: Versifier our area of expertise, and The Life Tudor Essay we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to your essay question. Just complete our simple order form and Larkin: The Vulgar Versifier you could have your customised English Language work in like online your email box, in as little as 3 hours. This English Language essay was submitted to us by Larkin: The Vulgar, a student in would most likely have played the basso continuo in the baroque era? order to help you with your studies. This page has approximately words. If you use part of Larkin:, this page in your own work, you need to provide a citation, as follows:

Essay UK, The Trail Of Tears American Indian Genocide . Available from: [05-10-17]. If you are the original author of this content and no longer wish to have it published on essay in simple, our website then please click on the link below to request removal: Essay UK offers professional custom essay writing, dissertation writing and coursework writing service. Philip Versifier! Our work is high quality, plagiarism-free and delivered on time. Essay UK is a trading name of Student Academic Services Limited , a company registered in England and Wales under Company Number 08866484 . Registered Data Controller No: ZA245894.